For those who think about space, 2019 is already a very impressive year. On January 1, NASA's new Horizon spacecraft flew from Ultima Thule, located in the Kuiper area, about 4 billion miles (6.4 billion kilometers) from Earth, and sent pictures of a strange miniature world designed as a bowling pin. In the coming days and months, we will look at the miracle of several images and other data from New Horizon, as it continues to explore this mysterious country, which may have secrets of the origin of the solar system. Not later than two days later, the Chinese probe Chang & # 39; e-4 became the first spacecraft ever to be on the edge of the moon.
But it was just the beginning. Here are some of the major events, from meteor showers to space exploration, which we can expect this year.
20-21. January: Total Lunar Eclipse
The moon goes through the Earth's nettles, its shadows in the inner region, five hours, Sky and Telescope reports. The lunar gaze should look at the subtle changes in brightness and hue as the eclipse progresses. Eclipse will be a night event for people in North and South America and a morning event for people living in Europe and Africa. For 62 minutes when the moon is dark, look to the east for about 6 degrees of light patch. It is a range of beehives, about 1,000 stars.
February: Unloading of the Israeli and Indian Moon
SpaceIL, a non-profit company, plans to launch a $ 88 million moon probe on SpaceX Falcon 9 missiles. If successful, the mission would make Israel the fourth country to achieve a soft landing on the Moon, after Russia, the United States and China. A four-legged infant weighs about 1,322 pounds (600 kilograms), the smallest spacecraft that lands on the moon, and sends high-resolution photos and videos.
Another new country that hopes it will be the moon is India. The Indian Space Research Organization Chandrayaan-2 probe, whose launch date is delayed, may also be launched in February, according to India today. "It's a great year for the month," explains Dale Skran, Deputy Head of the National Space Society, a non-profit organization.
February: Japanese space probe collects Asteroid samples
Japan's Aerospace Exploration Agency probe Hayabusa2 last year reached the near-ground asteroid Ryugu and deployed riders who sent back surface images. But from February 18 to February 23, the spacecraft itself will start from its position 12.4 miles (20 kilometers) above the surface of the asteroid and get on to collect the asteroid fragments that it will eventually transport back to Earth. for studies. They can provide guidance on how to create a solar system. NASA's OSIRIS-REx spacecraft studying the asteroid Bennu is not expected to attempt to unload and read until 2020, according to The New York Times.
June: US Manned Space starts planning to resume
For the first time in eight years, NASA's astronauts into space on SpaceX Crew Dragon spacecraft to the International Space Station are expected to be released from US soil. (The unmanned space ship originally scheduled for January 17 was returned in February.) Boeing is also planning to transport NASA astronauts into space this year.
July 2: Total solar eclipse in the southern hemisphere
It will be the first total solar eclipse since the 2017 Great American Eclipse and, unlike this event, you will have to be in the southern hemisphere to see ig. This will happen at sunset on July 2, and the best sights will be in the central part of Chile and Argentina, or in the Pacific.
12-13 August: Perseid Meteor shower surfaces
Meteor lovers should plan that they will be in the yard at these nights, when Perseid is blinking above the sky – out of the 109P / Swift-Tuttle comet. They got their name because they seem to have originated from a place in the sky near the constellation of Perseus, according to the American Meteor Society.
October-November: CHEOPS probe will study exoplanets
The European Space Agency's characteristic ExOPlanet Satellite (CHEOPS), scheduled to start from 15 October to 14 November, will be the first mission to measure light from planets that orbit stars outside our solar system. Skran believes that exoplanet research could stimulate interest in human colonization. "One of the things that reduced space exploration was when people realized that Venus was hell, and Mars was a desert," he says. "But it becomes clear that there are a lot of planets, and there is a lot of Earth."
13.-14. December: Geminids Meteor shower surfaces
It is the most striking event of the year for meteor observers, with a powerful and often bright and intense shower. A month this night will be 96 percent, which may overshadow that it may slightly worsen the show.