The World Health Organization (WHO) today published the first global guidelines for managing the physical health of adults with severe mental illness.
According to the WHO data, people with severe mental illness usually predict a life expectancy of 10 to 20 years lower than that of the population. This includes moderate to severe depression, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders.
Although most of these premature deaths are related to physical conditions, access to comprehensive health services offering health promotion programs, analysis and treatment of physical and mental health is still not possible. from most of them.
The first goal of the World Health Organization (WHO) is to help people with severe mental illness suffering from cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C, as well as diseases caused by addiction tobacco, alcohol or other substances and / or overweight.
They provide recommendations for changes in lifestyles, such as a healthier diet, increased physical activity and smoking cessation, psychosocial support and medication, taking into account possible interactions between different prescription drugs in mental health and physical
In order to improve the health of people with severe mental illness and increase their life expectancy, the guidelines recommend individual health care interventions, adaptation of healthcare systems and activities that can be undertaken at Community level.
In addition, it includes the training of healthcare personnel, the provision of adequate medicines and the adaptation of health information systems to collect data on the use of the necessary services, which should be established if they are not.
At a separate level, the WHO said that risk factors for poor physical health, such as smoking, lack of unhealthy diet or regular physical activity, and physical health, have to be identified and addressed.