By entering Google's words "carbohydrates", the sensitive text suggests completing the phrase "fat". In this way, the Internet giant algorithm offers one of the most sought after Spanish, which is just an example The poor concept that the company is about these biomolecules.
Negative thinking about all carbohydrates is widespread, but in reality this absolute judgment is not correct because "high quality is very good"says Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Professor of Preventive Medicine at the University of Navarra at EL ESPAÑOL, and the same can not be said about others, and it is even possible to determine which of the most harmful health is between the different carbohydrates.
"You have to talk about the quality of each carbohydrate," says the professor. Thus, the most recommended are solids with high fiber content, inseparable and untreated, such as from fruits, vegetables, whole grains and pulses.
In fact, higher quality carbohydrates means a lower risk of cardiovascular disease According to a study on the SUN project (Navarre further university), published in the journal Nutrition, metabolism and cardiovascular systems.
This study, whose main investigator is Martinez-Gonzalez, showed that people who took high-quality carbohydrates 56% lower risk suffering from myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular accident or cardiovascular deaths compared with those who consumed lower quality hydrates. For the study, on average, ten years, 17424 middle-aged men were subjected to Spanish volunteers.
The most dangerous carbohydrates
Professor's worst carbohydrates are those that contain non-alcoholic beverages, because "as the sugars are dissolved they go straight to the blood and this increases the need for insulin. "
It also explains that our brain interprets sugary drinks as if they were water and we do not have a sense of perfection. Therefore, despite the fact that eating calories, our body does not feel it he is hungry again.
"Plans for people with many sports are not big problems, but most people are not advised," he explains, remembering that in our country a large part of the population is overweight and obese. Actually Spain is the second country in Europe with more obesity, according to a study published in the journal The lancet.
He also points out that "cookies are very bad ". "They have refined flours that are low-quality carbohydrates, in addition to added sugars and fats." For the same reason, it is said that an industrial bakery is a food to be avoided.
In the case of pasta and rice, he indicates this depends on its type and type of consumption. Thus, the main problem is the one who accompanies our dishes from these carbohydrate-rich foods. "If it is supplemented by vegetables, it would be a good dish," but if it is not advisable to fry tomato sauces (which contain a lot of sugar), the professor explains.
He also points to the importance of cooking mail al dente because "if it is too cooked and melted, it has a high glycemic index and is not recommended." Although what he emphasizes is the use of whole wheat pastes, because it is healthier carbohydrates.
In particular, the right way to consume carbohydrates can help you to not lose four years of life.
The Spanish habit that needs to be changed
No spanish than eating bread loaves. By pressing, moisturizing or simply crushing, waiting for food is part of our home traditions. But for doctors The consumption of white bread is a habit that needs to be changed.
"Eat with wholegrain bread not with white bread, it's a very simple change that can be done on a diet, and it's very beneficial. "
[Más información: La mentira del potaje: la dieta mediterránea sólo es beneficiosa para los ricos]