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The CDC says life expectancy in the United States is declining, mainly due to drug overdose and suicide



NEW YORK – Suicide and drug overdose last year caused US deaths and a prolonged decline in American life expectancy.

In total, the number of deaths in 2017 exceeded 2.8 million in the United States or almost 70,000 more than the previous year, on Thursday announced disease control and prophylaxis centers. It was the highest number of fatalities in one year since the government began counting more than a century ago.

The increase reflects in part the population's growing and aging population. Experts said it was a death case for younger age groups, especially for middle-aged people who had the greatest impact on life expectancy estimates.

"This intelligent statistics is a warning that we're losing too many Americans, which are too early and too often, in conditions that can be prevented," says Dr. Robert Redfield, CDC Director.

The The suicide rate last year was the highest it has been at least 50 years old, according to US government records. There were more than 47,000 suicides, slightly less than 45,000 from the previous year.

Overall drop

For decades, the life expectancy of the US population has increased, rising almost every month for several months. Now it's trendy in another way: it fell in 2015, stayed at the level of 2016, and dropped again last year, the CDC said.

Since the end of the nineties, when the First World War and the worst flu pandemic in modern history, came together nearly 1 million Americans, the nation has the longest life span. Life expectancy in 1918 was 39 years.

In addition, "we have never seen anything like this," said Robert Anderson, who monitor CDC death statistics.

In the nation's top 10 deaths in 2017, only cancer-related deaths declined. At the same time, seven people – suicide, stroke, diabetes, Alzheimer's disease, flu / pneumonia, chronic underlying respiratory system diseases and inadvertent wounds – have increased.

The main factor is the mortality rate heart disease – nation no. 1 killer – stopped falling. Years earlier, the reduction in cardiac deaths was enough to offset the increase in some other deaths, but no longer, Anderson said.

(The number of CDCs is sometimes changing. This week, CDC officials stated that they had reviewed their estimated life expectancy in 2016 after additional data was included.)

What is it going to do?

CDC officials have not thought about what lags behind their predicted life expectancy, but Dr. William Dietz, a disease prevention expert at George Washington University, sees a sense of hopelessness.

Financial Battles, a widening income disparities and political differences they all decided a ball over many Americans, he suggested. "I really believe that people are more hopeless and that this leads to drug use, it can potentially lead to suicide," he said.

Drug overdose deaths continued to increase, exceeding 70,000 last year, among US deaths among the most epidemic in the United States. The mortality rate increased by 10% compared to the previous year, a leap of less than 21% between 2016-2017.

This is not quite a reason for celebrations, said Dr. John Rowe, Professor of Health Policy and Aging at Columbia University.

"Maybe it will start to slow down, but it's not yet turned," Rau said. "I think it will take several years."

An accidental overdose of overdose involves over one-third of the unexpected death toll and deliberate drug overdose accounts for about a tenth of suicide, Dr. Holly Hedegaard, a CDC injury investigator, said.

Other conclusions

CDC figures are mainly based on the revision of the death certificates of 2017. Life expectancy is based on current death patterns and other factors.

The agency also said:

  • It is expected that a US child will have an average of 78 years and 7 months in the last year. It is expected that an American born in 2015 or 2016 could live for about a month longer and was born in 2014 for about two months.
  • The suicide rate was 14 deaths per 100,000 people. It is the highest since at least 1975.
  • The percentage of suicide related to drug overdose has decreased.
  • The number of cases of influenza and pneumonia increased by about 6%. 2017-2018 The flu season was one of the worst in more than a decade, and some of the early days of the season appeared on the new deaths.
  • West Virginia was again the country with the highest number of drug overdoses. CDC does not release a public suicide rate.
  • The death rate for heroin, methadone, and prescription opioid analgesics was flat. But deaths from strong analgesic fentanyl and its close opioid cousins ​​continued to increase in 2017.

On Thursday, the CDC did not discuss the death of 2017. But in the past, CDC reports pointed to an increase in suicide rates and suffocation or hang.


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