This Thursday is all about space shooting, by crystallizing proteins from the Michael J. Fox Foundation, a vibrant virtual reality system, ultra-membranes and a Refabricator, a device that converts waste into 3D printing filaments.
This strange science and much more will begin on Thursday (November 15th) at noon. 4:49 am EST (0949 GMT) for Northrop Grumman (formerly Orbital ATK) 10th re-supply mission for the International Space Station. NASA's officials announced in a statement that the Cygnus spacecraft will be based on the Antares missile from the Mid-Atlantic Regional Space Station, located at the Wallow Flight Facility of Virginia, which carried out approximately 882 pounds (400 kilograms) of research and equipment for these experiments. In total, the rocket launches approximately 7,500 pounds (3,402 kg) of scientific equipment and crew items, such as food and clothing, to the International Space Station.
These experiments will be one of hundreds of scientific studies currently taking place at the space station. Release will be visible in US U.S. East Ccoast, and you can watch it online at Space.com, thanks to NASA TV. [Launch Photo: Orbital ATK’s Antares Rocket & Cygnus OA-9 Soar to Space Station]
Northrop Grumman's Cygnus vehicle is named after the NASA astronaut and U.S. Navy John Young. The young people spent 835 hours in space for more than six NASA astronaut missions.
The cygnus car will have a device called Refabricator as part of the In-Space Manufacturing Refabricator project. This is the first integrated 3D printer and processor that will become a plastic overcoat in the 3D filing of the space station. The filament will be used for repairs to the space station, as well as a waste recycling facility. The device could also be used to make things in a space station.
This technology could be very useful for long-term deep space missions where astronauts regularly have to deal with waste, repair and resource issues. According to an investigation report, "without re-processing, large quantities of raw materials should be stored on board long-range exploratory missions." This research is sponsored by NASA's Technology Demonstration Bureau.
Microgravity virtual reality
The long-term illustration of the effect of hypo-gravity on self-response (VECTION), another study on the space station, will explore how a microgravity environment could affect the ability of astronauts to visually interpret movement, orientation and distance.
Here on Earth, our senses work together to inform us how far we are from things, how fast they are moving and how they are oriented. In space, gravity no longer works in our vestibular system – a system that promotes our balance and orientation. The purpose of the VECTION study is to better understand how microgravity affects these feelings through virtual reality.
In this study, astronauts will carry a Virtual Reality (VR) system that will provide visual guidance for computers to try to create artificial gravity with visual acceleration, Loren Harris, Professor of Toronto York University, and lead researcher of this study. said the press conference on Thursday, November 8th. After VR simulation, astronauts will report how far they perceive they were moving, how far they were, and so on.
"Many astronauts believe they are disoriented or suffering from space diseases when they first arrive at a space station," Harris said. So, to understand how a microgravity environment can affect astronauts at several travel points, they will participate in the VR simulation as soon as they arrive in outer space as soon as they have used the environment and when they will return to Earth.
Crystallisation of LRRK2 in Microgravity Conditions-2 (CASIS PCG-16), partly developed by the Michael J. Fox Foundation, crystals will evolve in an attempt to fight Parkinson's disease. Leukin richly replicated kinase 2 (LRRK2) proteins are involved in Parkinson's disease, and researchers can learn about the protein structure when studying larger protein-grown crystals. However, Earth-borne protein crystals are too small and compact to be efficiently studied.
Scientists told the news conference, but the attempt was unsuccessful, trying to try to grow these crystals in microgravity before. After a re-investigation, the researchers will again attempt to grow these crystals in microgravity to the space station. Researching larger LRRK2 crystals, the team hopes to get a better understanding of protein form and morphology and help scientists better understand Parkinson's disease.
The ultimate goal of this investigation is simple. They "are looking for a therapeutic agent that will slowly stop or change the disease," said Marco Baptista, director of research programs at the Michael J. Fox Foundation at a press conference.
Tiny carbon capture
The design of the separation membrane gas membrane using the microgravity synthesis (Cemisca) is planning a negligible method for capturing carbon dioxide. This experiment examines and synthesizes negligible membranes made of calcium silicate particles, plan as human hair, and pores over 100 nanometers in size or even smaller. These nanoscale membranes can remove carbon dioxide from other gases in the air, making them an important developmental technology to combat the harmful effects that carbon dioxide can cause to our planet.
Researchers predict that by creating these membranes in microgravity, costs could be lower and produce longer-lasting, less energy-consuming membranes. In addition, the microgravity environment gives researchers "the ability to control the size and shape of nanoparticles," said Negar Rajabiat of Cemscia LLC, a research assistant in a national laboratory study at a news conference. This means that they can adapt the membranes to separate the various types of gas, although, as Rajabiat said.