If you are late, the Detox idea may be attractive – rinse Christmas and New Year's exaggeration and discuss the beginning of the year. There are many products that offer help from detox massages and cocktails to herbal teas and hunger diets. You can find promises of shiny skin, weight loss and healthier ones that can help you shave off the middle of winter. Rinsing your impurity system sounds like a good way to start the year, but is there any evidence that it works?
The word detox is used in two different ways. The first concerns medical detoxification programs that help people with serious alcohol or drug problems to cleanse.
The other is a home detox that is sold to us with promises to release our bodies from "toxins." Today's life, of course, comes into contact with many synthetic chemicals and natural substances, some of which may be toxic, but how much evidence is there that detoxide will remove them from our bodies?
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It is true that on the day you cut off alcohol and start a healthier diet, the toxins will leave your body. But it happens every day, not only when you drink raw vegetable juice. The body already has its own smart system to get rid of toxins. If not, we would be in danger. Work is done throughout the body to preserve or eliminate toxins – from our skin, which acts as a barrier to fine hair in our respiratory system, trapping particles of mucus so that we can sneeze them.
Part of the intestine contains special lymph cells called Peyer patches that form bundles in the lining of the lining. These patches, found in the lower part of the small intestine, allow you to identify and extract harmful particles so that they are not absorbed into the bloodstream alongside our food nutrients. Although we may have the feeling that our intestines are somehow dirty and need cleaning, they just do their job.
Meanwhile, your kidneys filter half a cup of blood per minute to release toxins such as urea from the body like urine.
When it comes to alcohol, it is the liver that makes you detoxify. This is a two-step process. The first alcohol enzymes are converted into acetaldehyde, which is toxic but quickly turns into acetic acid, then into carbon dioxide and water. If you drink faster than your liver, it can metabolize alcohol, then it can't stay alive and your blood alcohol level will increase.
If you are constantly drinking excess, acetaldehyde can damage your liver. But the liver can successfully detoxify the body from moderate amounts of alcohol. It is another mobile detox system that we carry with us all the time.
Lack of good evidence of dietary dioxides
So do special detox diets work? They range from those where you just cut alcohol, caffeine, and refined sugar, to much tougher diets where you only drink liquids for several days before you gradually introduce a small amount of food. In 2012, Emeritus Ernst, Professor Emeritus of the University of Exeter, attempted to systematically review the literature, but considered that it was not possible to isolate enough research into detoxification of this type of home, as many studies on drug detoxification programs were also eliminated in literature searches.
In 2014, two Sydney researchers managed to publish a study on detox diets. They could not find any randomized controlled trials of commercial detox diets, although they found a small number of studies without a control group.
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For example, in a seven-day detox diet study conducted with only 25 people in 2000, people felt healthier afterwards and tended to improve liver function, but the improvement was not statistically significant.
They also found some small studies on the elimination of certain toxins from the body, but again most of them were small, did not contain control or had no other deficiencies, which led the authors to conclude that there was no good evidence of a detox diet.
This makes us rely on the anecdote. People going to a crash diet or juice quickly lose weight in the short term, but it is hard to find evidence that the weight remains in the long run.
So should you bother with detox? In terms of alcohol, it is healthier to prevent it for several days each week of the week than a few weeks in one detox. Of course, the time spent on eating more fruits and vegetables is also beneficial to your health. A quick solution will not work, as well as promising to eat a Mediterranean diet and use the rest of your life.
Maybe we should think about detox because it is more of a metaphor for destroying old habits
But the idea of detox is something that many find attractive. If you feel good to punish yourself to compensate for your excesses of courtesy, maybe it is your sins, not your toxins you want to leave. But if you can catch it, it is possible that psychologically, detox can give a new start – a break between old habits and the new ones you want to buy. However, you need a plan for what will happen next or return to old habits.
Perhaps we should think of detox, more of a metaphor for destroying old habits than something that escapes from the intestines and organs. Your body constantly cleans itself without special teas, juices or diets.
But you can help it do its job by eating a healthy diet, drinking water, regular exercise and the necessary sleep.
All content in this column is for general information only and should not be considered as a substitute for medical assistance from your doctor or other healthcare professional. The BBC is not responsible for any diagnosis made by the user based on the content of this site. The BBC is not responsible for the content of any listed external internet sites, nor does it support any of the listed or recommended commercial products or services. Always consult your doctor if you are concerned about your health in any way.
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