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Up to Shamard Charles, M.D.
The surprising new report reveals that almost half of all Americans – 121 million adults – have a heart disease that is a significant increase over the last three years. Although this alarming figure released on Thursday by the American Heart Association is largely due to changes in blood pressure guidelines – it is a warning for our increasingly sedentary life, doctors say.
In 2017, the Heart Association identified hypertension as the major risk factor for heart disease by reducing it from 140/90 to 130/80. These changes meant that millions of Americans, aged 20 to 60, now believed they had some heart disease.
"As one of the most common and most dangerous risk factors for heart disease and stroke, this huge presence of high blood pressure cannot be eliminated from the equation in the fight against cardiovascular disease," said Dr. American Heart Association and Director of Cardiovascular Center at Wisconsin Medical College, Milwaukee.
Cardiovascular disease is the cause of death in the United States, showing over 840,000 lives a year. After a long decade of decline, the number of deaths increased from 2015 to 2016 by almost 4,000.
"It is an amazing figure, but not surprising given the prevalence of obesity, diabetes and sedentary lifestyles," said Dr. New York-Presbyterian / Columbia University Center for Cardiovascular Health Center. Medical centre. "Hope that the numbers surprise people to change their lifestyle and that people go to the doctor to assess some of these cardiovascular risk factors."
Eighty percent of cardiovascular disease can be prevented by smoking, controlling high blood pressure, diabetes and high cholesterol, as well as regular exercise and healthy eating.
Hope that the numbers surprise people to change their lifestyle.
High blood pressure increases the risk of heart attacks, strokes and many other problems. According to studies, only about half of hypertension is controlled by humans.
Leading Cardiologist Dr. Steven Nissen warns that findings do not mean heart disease in the United States. In general, the number of deaths associated with heart disease has declined by 17.7% in the US over the past decades, mainly due to a decrease in smoking.
"It has happened that the 120 million Americans mentioned here represent an increasing number of patients with hypertension based on changes in blood pressure guidelines," said Nissens, chairman of the Clinic Clinic of Cardiovascular Medicine. "Despite the research, we have made significant progress in this area, and coronary artery disease has declined significantly over the past decades."
High blood pressure diagnosis does not automatically mean that the drug is needed or that someone actually has coronary artery disease, a common type of heart disease when the blood supplying the heart becomes hardened and narrowed.
“130/80 Blood Pressure is an important reminder of lifestyle changes. These are the risk factors that we can control, such as diabetes, smoking and diet, ”said Dr. Leslie Cho, Cardiologist and Director of Women's Cardiovascular Center at Cleveland Clinics.
“If you lower your body weight, you can reduce your blood pressure by about 8% [blood pressure points]and we are not talking about hundreds of pounds here. We talk about 5 percent of the body weight, ”she added.
How to reduce the risk of heart disease
It has been shown that regular physical activity and a vegetarian diet such as DASH, a diet plan that emphasizes fruits, vegetables and whole grains, protect the heart.
Not all patients have the same optimal goals, but it is important to know blood pressure, glucose and cholesterol levels, Dr. Elizabeth Jackson, Professor of Cardiovascular Diseases at the University of Alabama at Birmingham, told NBC News via email.
Haythe believes that the report's public health report is important.
"Forty-eight percent of people do not suffer from a heart attack," said Haythe. "However, the report shows that there is an increased risk of coronary heart disease and stresses the importance of managing these risk factors with lifestyle changes and appropriate treatment."