The United Kingdom has faced a significant UN objective of ending the HIV epidemic through successful diagnosis and more effective treatment of over 90% of people with the virus.
Public Health England said that last year there were about 102,000 people in the United Kingdom with HIV, of which 8% – 8200 – were considered unknown to be infected.
UNAIDS has set the target of "90-90-90" for each country, calling on healthcare facilities to diagnose more than 90% of people with HIV, 90% to treat and provide 90% of virus suppression, which means that they are HIV-positive. Antiretroviral drugs are kept only at a low level that they are not infectious to others.
In July, UNAIDS said that Botswana, Cambodia, Denmark, Swaziland, Namibia and the Netherlands had achieved 90-90-90 goals and seven more countries are on their way to get there.
The UK has now added its queues, announced by PHE, with a 92% diagnosis, 98% of diagnoses and 97% of treatment viruses suppressed.
Before the World AIDS Day, a report on the PHE reported that new diagnoses continued to decline from 2280 to 2016 to 2016, 4 363 on Saturday. For example, the transmission between gay men and bisexual men has declined since 2012.
Campaigns will facilitate the availability of PreP-pre-exposure prophylaxis – an important factor, although not the only one. PreP is an antiretroviral medicine that can be used on a daily basis by people at risk because, for example, they have a partner who is HIV positive. It has been shown that the possibility of infection has been reduced by more than 90%.
HIV advocacy organizations were admitted to the NHS for their refusal to pay PreP and won in 2016. The NHS has estimated that the drug will cost £ 20m per year. As a result, PreP was offered to 10,000 men in a trial version.
The PHE report says PreP can be one of the reasons for infection reduction, but the effect can not yet be determined. The study identified a set of measures, including the use of condoms, increased testing, especially in sexual health clinics, and patients diagnosed with faster treatment.
"There is no doubt that preventive measures to end the HIV epidemic in the UK work," said Noel Gill, STI and HIV head of HIV. "Our efforts must continue to prevent HIV. About 8,000 people who are still not aware of the infection are very important for people to look for an HIV test if they consider themselves at risk or accept a healthcare professional's offer for an HIV test because early diagnosis is key. for the interruption of the transfer. "
Health and social care secretary Matt Hancock recalled the time when the HIV positive diagnosis was "actually a death penalty".
He said: "Today's report is a striking and powerful reminder of how far we have come. Now in the United Kingdom, almost all people with HIV are diagnosed and treated, but they live a long, healthy, life, and we are only one of the few countries to achieve these ambitious UN goals.
"It does not seem possible only a few decades ago, but thanks to the efforts of public health institutions, charities and the NHS to promote early testing and high-quality treatment, we are fighting HIV."
However, there are still great concerns about 43% of people who are diagnosed late, which means they may be ill and could infect other people before they perceive their HIV status.
Deborah Gold, chief executive officer of National Aids Trust, said the group was pleased that all efforts had paid off so much. "This is an emergency in the fight against HIV, in which everything seems to be possible. We know what works. We have the tools. With the right political will, investment and public support, we can eliminate HIV as a threat to public health and make real progress towards achieving the UN goal in order to ending HIV-related stigmatization. "
Terence Higgins Trust CEO Jan Greene said it's a fantastic news. "But that is far from the end, and we have time to be even more ambitious, because we are working to completely stop the new HIV transmission in the UK," he said. He called on the government to commit itself to end new infections by 2030.
The Association of Local Governments also applauded the news but called for the abolition of the £ 600m reduction in Soviet state health benefits for the financing of sexual health services.