The text is a preliminary and political battle has just begun. But there is a draft Brexitas agreement that could help Britain exit the EU and build relationships in the coming years.
The technical breakthrough took place after several weeks of "worn-out" talks, according to one participant, when both sides fought for a document that had disappointed with the British Parliament and called for EU capitals.
Although some messages remain a closely guarded secret, the progress made is one significant compromise over the so-called "backstop" plan to avoid a solid border on the island of Ireland. "Everyone should have fallen," said an EU diplomat who informed the talks.
Theresa May will be able to argue that spare measures will never force the United Kingdom to set up a customs border along the Irish Sea, with specific measures for Northern Ireland to divide its economy from the mainland of the United Kingdom.
It was promoted by Michel Barnier, EU's main negotiator for Brexit, denying his opposition to the shameless United Kingdom Customs Union, which is recorded in the UK's withdrawal agreement.
Thus, according to EU data provided with information that the European Union has set up a common strategy, the so-called "backstop to the backpole" – the only Northern Ireland plan proposed by Mr Barnier – strongly opposed to Downing Street, should be used. the order
But the UK customs union comes with conditions and restrictions designed to meet Dublin and other EU Member States and some internal staff Whitehall fears that Ms. Mai will not be able to sell him to her office and parliament.
The EU side also noted caution as to whether this plan would ultimately ease the cabinet's support in the UK. "Do not mix white fog with mist over Thames," said one official.
In other words, Brussels concessions have a great political price. The first is the Irish guarantee that the United Kingdom will not be able to leave the United Kingdom and EU Customs Union reserves if the EU is not convinced that there are arrangements to avoid a solid border either through a trade deal, nor with the Northern Ireland successor plan.
Brexit's secretary Dominik Raab asked for a unilateral mechanism to avoid such a customs union, so the United Kingdom could eventually implement an independent trade policy. But the EU refused to accept such rules without its original Northern Ireland – just the back side of the spare part contained in the withdrawal agreement.
This would be related to explaining how Northern Ireland will remain in the EU customs zone and in the regulatory orbit – an anathema against the members of the democratic union on which M. May may rely on his majority national majority.
Even after the compromise, Mrs Maya still needs to justify the text of the agreement, which would allow Northern Ireland to adapt to the EU single market rules, allowing free movement of goods and agricultural products throughout Ireland. It is also expected that a full 'union customs code' will be applied to Northern Ireland – it will be integrated into the EU customs area deeper than the rest of the UK mainland.
The second big challenge for the Maya team will be to explain the so-called "equal rules of the game", which complements the United Kingdom Customs Union – adopting regulations against Brexiters.
Many EU Member States were surprised at the fact that a full customs union was included in the withdrawal agreement and wanted to provide guarantees to prevent unfair competition from Brexit Britain.
Mr Barnier included in the draft text some of the most severe restrictions imposed in all countries outside the single market. This includes the United Kingdom, which respects EU competition and state aid rules, even if they are changing in the future, and with due regard to the rulings of the European Court of Justice in this area.
The treaty also includes so-called irreversible clauses, which include environmental regulations, labor policies and tax policies. It would link London to current policies that are deeply unpopular with respect to some of the conservative Members, including the Working Time Directive and the goals of renewable energy.
"We do not want to be too complicated," said an EU diplomat who handed Brexit. "But there is no trust in doing anything."
One worry about Downing Street is the risk that EU Member States may require even more stringent conditions. France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain and Italy have called on the EU negotiators to go further, which is why Britain will "dynamically reconcile" with the block in all areas covered by "equal terms".
A similar pressure can occur on fish. In the draft agreement, the fish industry is excluded from any UK-EU customs union until agreement is reached on reciprocal access to waters. Some EU countries, in particular France, Denmark, Belgium and the Netherlands, have demanded more stringent guarantees.
In light of all these pressures, May's compromises could only be meaningful if she could say that the Irish brochure is indeed an insurance policy that should not be used by either party.
One way of doing this would be to refer to a contractual clause that could potentially extend Britain's transition period beyond December 2020. However, it is banned by Members in both Commons of Parliament.
The second is to point to another document, a declaration on future relations, which is still incomplete.
It's a bit of a surprise that as soon as the EU ambassadors met on Wednesday to discuss the state of the "Brexit" talks, the plan will also include unofficial planning.