How to tell flu or cold, dean respond
Recently, Chen Shizhong, Minister of Health and Welfare, was concerned about the recent case of flu collection in Taipei City Single Hospital and Peace Hospital District, Professor Zhang Shangyu, Commander of the Taipei District Infectious Disease Prevention and Treatment Network, director of disease control agency Zhou Zhihao and Taipei City Municipal Health Bureau Director Huang Shijie and Site Manager of Taipei City Union Hospital, Huang Shengjian and others.
Up to now, there have been 15 cases of two serious deaths, and there have been no new cases since 25 January indicating that the outbreak is effectively controlled. The Disease Control Department and the Taipei City Health Office will continue to monitor and follow up on 81 related incident contacts by February 2.
During the season when the cold is most common, given the most common threat to personal health, the public is aware of this, and the preventive medical body responds specifically to public influenza issues.
Chen Jianzhi, Dean of Chuangjian Preventive MedicineIt is said that the common name for colds is an acute upper respiratory infection and it is estimated that there are more than two hundred types of viruses that can cause general cold. Influenza (influenza) is an infection caused by an "influenza virus" because both of them are easy to cause inflammation in the nose, throat and bronchi, even medical professionals often fail to fully distinguish.
Chen Jianzhi pointed out that the common cold is usually limited to the nasal cavity and the throat (upper respiratory tract), which causes inflammation of the neck, congestion of the nose, runny nose, cough, etc. Occasionally there is otitis media, bronchitis, vocal inflammation, high fever or pneumonia.
Influenza is more systematic, initially with chills, fever, burns and muscular pain, followed by symptoms such as sore throat, nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, discomfort in the gastrointestinal tract and severe illness such as pneumonia, encephalitis and myocarditis . .
A preventive medical institution is now distributed to resolve the common flu issue and response
Why is colds and outbreaks particularly good in winter?
In fact, there are too many viruses that cause colds, almost all year, but the low temperature itself is not the cause of cold or flu.
Usually the feeling of the virus is that the heat is not afraid of the cold, and it is more active in a low temperature environment, so the cold case of cold in winter will increase significantly. In addition, people often stay indoors to avoid cold in winter, the more restricted and overcrowded, the more frequent contact between people, the easier the virus spreads, so the frequency of colds and flu is particularly high in winter.
How to avoid cold or flu transfer to family?
How to avoid "one person catching cold, family fall" is the most important personal hygiene requirement.
Since sneezing and cough drops are sticky, toilet paper, handkerchiefs, facial tissues or sleeves should be used at any time to catch viral drops.
The safest way to do this is to wear a mask and try to keep the child's safety distance more than one meter (avoiding drops). Remember that any toilet paper, facial tissue, or masks used are covered with a virus and must be disposed of as soon as possible. Wastes can often wash your hands and avoid family members who accidentally touch your hand-contaminated devices, accessories, desktops, or baby-covered viruses.
How to prevent cold or flu?
A balanced diet and regular exercise is the only way to develop adequate physical strength, plus hand washing, masks and injectable flu vaccines are three magic weapons to prevent viral infections.
The hand is the most appropriate channel for the human body, we often touch the tables, chairs, handles, everyday needs, etc., what the patient touched and accidentally created many contact possibilities with the virus. If you can develop a habit of washing your hands, it will naturally reduce your chances of communicating with the infection.
In a crowded environment, the virus can be transmitted by air or droplets, and the mask is the best shield. Please do not forget to wash your hands immediately after removing the mask as the mask is worn for some time, so it is difficult to keep the surface from some viruses, wash your hands immediately to avoid the possibility of infection.
Although the protection of influenza vaccines is still limited (official requirements for healthy adults are 70% to 90%, for older people 50% to 60%), it is better than flu protection. It is guaranteed. Therefore, in addition to some people who are not fit for physical fitness, they are invited to receive flu vaccination every year.
Who should pay attention to cold or flu?
Most colds or flu, using the most difficult days or weeks, will not cure after the mobilization of the body's immunity. Regardless of whether it is a prescription or medicine, it cannot change the course of the disease, but it can usually reduce the discomfort caused by fever, pain, stuffy nose, thick sputum, and so on.
In addition, adequate rest and water supplements can help to reduce or prevent worsening of symptoms. Regardless of the nasal cavity, mouth, throat … The entire respiratory tract is the mucous epithelium, too dry the environment does not contribute to the normal protection of the mucous membrane, and it is easy to worsen symptoms such as sore throat, cough and sputum viscous. It is recommended to add warm boiled water, clear soup, tea and other drinks, but coffee, alcoholic beverages, sweet drinks, sweets, salty, fried and oily foods are subject to dehydration, dry mouth or sputum. Try to avoid.