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On November 14, Frederick Banting's birthday was chosen during a diabetes day, which, together with Charles Burke, first developed an idea that led to the discovery of insulin in 1921. Photo: BoBo

World Diabetes Day

November 14, 2018 at 10:00. 08:40
Ljubljana – MMC RTV SLO, STA

Diabetes is one of the main problems in public health. The number of people with diabetes worldwide is constantly increasing.

In Slovenia last year, more than 111,000 patients received glucose lowering drugs that placed us in the central region of European and OECD countries. The number of people with diabetes every year is higher due to aging, longer life expectancy and increased diabetes and improved treatment.

Among men, diabetes is more common in women than in females, since every fifth person has diabetes, and one in ten is over 65 years old. According to the profession, only half the people with this condition are diagnosed with diabetes, of which only half receive treatment. According to unofficial data from the profession, all patients with diabetes in the country that are found and unknowingly could range from 154,000 to 175,000. Therefore, Slovenia has about 50,000 people who do not know that they have diabetes.

Several events will take place during the World Diabetes Day. Information about the PreŇ°erene market in Ljubljana can be used to measure blood sugar and cholesterol, and the Medical Students' Association will also appreciate it in the National Assembly. Blood sugar and cholesterol and blood pressure measurements will be taken elsewhere throughout the country

There are big differences in the frequency of diabetes in the regions. According to the National Institute of Health, the highest prevalence is Zasavsk, Posavina, Savinja, Pomurskaya regions and some of Podravin and southeast of Slovenia.

Obesity is a major independent risk factor for both diabetes and cardiovascular disease, as well as the main predictor of glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes. In 2016, obesity was found in 19% of adults, and over 58% of adults were overweight and obese.

Otherwise, diabetes can cause many complications, especially cardiovascular disease. In general, cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death or disability in type 2 diabetes patients. Diagnosis and treatment of diabetes is therefore important, which reduces the risk of long-term complications, such as heart attack, renal failure, blindness, and loss of membership.

A. S.

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