More than 90 percent of all diabetes in the world are second-degree diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, has a particular impact on lifestyle and the environment.
It once talked like a diabetic, but it is already present for children and young people. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity," says Zbynek Schroner, vice chairman of the Slovak diabetes association (SDS). He added that the overweight and obesity of young people is the cause poor food with excessive energy consumption, low fiber foods.
"We are talking about the so-called lifestyle of Coca-Colonization" says Sharon. According to him, an important factor is already a sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of different types of type 2 diabetes varies. We can say a significant increase in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, type 2 diabetes is most common in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta or Western European countries., but according to Schroner, more and more cases are taking place in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia still rarely arrives. "But we are worried that this situation will get worse," he says.
Prevention and treatment are not drugs, but non-pharmacological measures, ie, healthy diet and physical activity. "A big role is played, because the parents lead the children to a decent lifestyle. It's very important for children to entertain their physical activity, so good choices are not cycling, but, for example, skating, dancing or dogging, " says Sharon. However, it adds that it is important for diabetes to be a healthy society.
"Genes are allowed to have another type of diabetes, but they do not." says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the disease to occur. "Risk factors, such as the incidence of diabetes in direct family relationships or high blood sugar levels in the past, are important. There is also an increased risk for women who have previously had diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease. " added Doničová.
Patients with certain risk factors should be tested once a year. Even in patients who are not at risk, it is advisable to check blood sugar every three years. According to the 2002 diabetes prevention program, people who have had blood sugar have reduced the risk of diabetes by 31% compared to patients who did not have any active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits," says Katarina Rašlová, SDK President. It also considers it important to raise people's awareness of healthy food.