BRATISLAVA, November 13, 2018 (WBN / PR) – For children, adults, pregnant women, travelers, people at increased risk of infection and those who are infected with infection – all require vaccination to protect their health and life. If the protection of the population against vaccination fails, there has been an epidemic – just as the recent mosquito epidemic in eastern Slovakia in May 2018. There is evidence that a decline in vaccination would cause serious and unconscious threats to public health, unnecessary illness and death.
20th century During the turning point, the greatest health risks were infectious and parasitic diseases, which most often required infant and child life. Since the introduction of vaccination, the life expectancy has increased by 15 to 25 years. Life expectancy is expected to continue and evidence shows that it has significantly contributed to the management of the disease caused by vaccination. Vaccination today can prevent more infectious diseases, and the horizon is a new vaccine that can prevent other infectious diseases. Bulk vaccination programs have been shown to be successful in controlling or even eliminating the disease. History shows that the reduced vaccine coverage paving the way for relapse of a pathway that is already protected. With a stable and high sowing rate, the disease is reduced and some may be completely lost. Despite the indisputable success of vaccination efforts, 1.5 million people die every year from diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. According to WHO data, vaccines will be the most important means to reduce the high morbidity and mortality associated with the flu pandemic. Approximately 3.5 million people are infected with influenza every year, bringing about 650 000 deaths. In 1990, infectious diseases accounted for 33% of all deaths, in 2010 it was only 25%.
In addition, the elimination of death and suffering vaccines is one of the most cost-effective healthcare investments. Vaccination has significantly reduced the economic burden on the company with infectious diseases. In addition to protecting life and reducing disability, vaccination can also reduce the pressure on health systems, due to less frequent doctor's visits and hospitalization; as well as reduce downtime and loss costs productivity caused by various diseases. Vaccination can help prevent portable infectious diseases. It prevents people from moving and expanding among the population. Some people can not be protected by vaccination. For example, children who are too young to be vaccinated, people who have a weakened immune system that is incompatible with all conditions after vaccination, and those who are too poor to receive a vaccine (for example, cancer patients). Vaccination can provide "collective protection" for those who could not be vaccinated. The main component of the vaccine is antigens, an active component of the vaccine. Stimulates / stimulates the immune system to create immunity. Adjuvant has a similar function. They stimulate the immune system. Together they form the active ingredient in the vaccine. Vaccines may contain very small amounts of other substances that do not promote the immune system and are therefore inactive. They have a secondary meaning, and they include, in particular, antibiotics, preservatives and stabilizers. Antigens are administered to various forms, for example, in a vaccine (vaccine) live attenuated virus particles, killed virus particles or only viral particles, surface-bacterial antigens or antigens found inside the bacteria.
In Slovakia, compulsory and optional vaccination is available. Mandatory vaccination against ten diseases, optional for other thirteen diseases, of which 4 are vaccine traps. Mandatory vaccination against diphtheria, tetanus, black surfaces, poliomyelitis, invasive hepatitis B virus and haemophilia, as well as vaccination against measles, rheumatism and rubella. As part of regular compulsory vaccination, adults should be vaccinated against diphtheria and tetanus.
Vaccination schedules are developed by experts on the basis of professional knowledge, experience, years of illness in the SR and surrounding countries, ECDC recommendations – the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention and the World Health Organization (WHO) – the World Health Organization. The most successful prophylactic program in Slovakia is National immunization program. It aims to protect public health by reducing illnesses, preventing and eliminating transmissible diseases, and ensuring effective and safe immunization of children and adults.
Each reduction in vaccination reduces the effects of collective defense, which means increasing the risk of epidemics and endangering the most vulnerable. It is not important that you do not have to be vaccinated against diseases that do not occur! Collective protection is also important for national security. The free movement of persons in the EU and increased migration affect the safety and health of the Slovak people. Vaccination against children against measles in Slovakia fell below 95% in four regions: Bratislava, Trenčiansk, Banskobystrický and Košický. One of the unpleasant consequences was the measles epidemic in the eastern part of Slovakia when it hit 428 people!
If the parent does not refuse compulsory vaccination for children without serious medical or other medical emergencies, he / she will be fined € 331. However, mandatory vaccination does not impose a fine on refusals, but the prevention of infectious diseases that can be prevented by vaccination. Mandatory vaccination is available to all children in Slovakia and is covered by public health insurance. Due to the strict compliance with the vaccination obligation, Slovakia has so far achieved a high level of vaccination and, consequently, protection of the population against compulsory vaccination cases.
Pregnancy is also an important period when vaccination is required. Women's immunity and her body's activity undergo several changes during pregnancy that contribute to the onset of infectious diseases. Before pregnancy, the woman must take all mandatory vaccinations to help her and her baby. Live vaccines should be used at least one month before the planned pregnancy. The most important is vaccination against sheep puppies if their wife does not survive. Non-viable vaccines can also be administered immediately before pregnancy and, if necessary, during pregnancy. Every pregnant woman is vaccinated against influenza and pregnancy ages 28 to 37 every year from October to December. Vaccine against diphtheria, tetanus and black cough for a week (dTap). During pregnancy, the flu can cause serious maternal and fetal complications, including death. SARI dies 6 pregnant women in a pandemic influenza virus in Slovakia in 2009, up from 46.15%! The direct transmission of maternal flu in pregnancy is rare, but it is the cause of the first trimester issue. Influenza virus causes nervous tube. The mother's flu is associated with a fourfold increase in the fetal fetus, the fetal tumors, when their absolute numbers are low. Mother infants with over-infected flu are at an early stage behind. Postpartum vaccination is also important for mother and baby. An inoculated mother reduces the risk of infecting her baby. Pregnancy is right for the mother right after birth, even if she is breast-feeding. A woman who has not been vaccinated against tetanus, diphtheria and black cough during pregnancy, is inoculated immediately after birth if she has not been vaccinated over the past five years.
Groups of persons who have or are at increased risk of infection are obliged to be vaccinated in Slovakia in certain cases in accordance with Decree 585 of 10.12 of the Ministry of Health of the Slovak Republic. 2008 laying down detailed rules on the prevention and control of communicable diseases. These are, for example, people who have been exposed to tuberculosis, meningitis or viral hepatitis A disease. Mandatory vaccines are also people living in a common household with a person suffering from hepatitis B and against rabies, which is obliged to vaccinate people who have come into contact with animal beasts. Anti-pneumococcal infections are mandatory for people who are placed in social services at home.
There are also professions where individual vaccinations are mandatory. Vaccines for tuberculosis are, for example, some doctors, laboratory staff or asylum seekers. Epidemiologists, soldiers, prison and bodyguard members, firefighters and others are vaccinated against hepatitis A. Hepatitis B vaccine is expected for hepatitis B, health school teachers, social services, labor offices, social services and families, municipalities, child social and legal protection services and social welfare workers. The anti-rabies vaccine is compulsory for employees of the virological laboratories dealing with rabies virus, workers in correctional facilities who are at risk of direct infection; and sharks. Vaccination against tick-borne inflammation is mandatory for virological laboratory staff working with cough-type inflammatory virus. Other vaccines are recommended for other groups and specialists.
Slovakia has committed itself to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), which is the development of an immunization program and its financial sustainability. Vaccination is part of the European Antibiotic resistance program. The state is responsible for the health of the population, especially children, the elderly and marginalized groups. It is our responsibility to protect our health in this way!