TASR, November 12, 2018 at. 8:00
More than 90 percent of all diabetes in the world are second-degree diabetes mellitus, which, according to experts, has a particular impact on lifestyle and the environment. It once talked like a diabetic, but it is already present for children and young people. "The most important factor in the development of type 2 diabetes is overweight and obesity," says Zbynek Schroner, vice chairman of the Slovak diabetes association (SDS). He added that overweight and obese young people have an inadequate diet with excessive energy consumption for foods with low fiber content.
"We are talking about the so-called lifestyle of Coca-Colonization" says Sharon. According to him, an important factor is already a sedentary lifestyle for children. The incidence of different types of type 2 diabetes varies. We can say a significant increase in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Thailand and Japan. In Europe, type 2 diabetes is most common in Italy, Greece, Cyprus, Malta, or Western European countries, but according to Schroner, more and more cases are taking place in Central and Eastern Europe. Slovakia still rarely arrives. "But we are worried that this situation will get worse." he says.
Prevention and treatment are not drugs, but non-pharmacological measures, ie, healthy diet and physical activity. "A big role is played, because the parents lead the children to a decent lifestyle. It's very important for children to entertain their physical activity, so good choices are not cycling, but, for example, skating, dancing or dogging, " says Sharon. However, it adds that it is important for diabetes to be a healthy society.
"Genes are allowed to have another type of diabetes, but they do not." says Viera Doničová from SDS. Genetic susceptibility to the development of type 2 diabetes is not a sufficient condition for the disease to occur. "Risk factors such as the prevalence of diabetes in direct family relationships or high blood sugar levels in the past are also at an increased risk for women with pre-diabetes, people with high blood pressure, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart disease in the past." added Doničová. Patients with certain risk factors should be tested once a year. Even in patients who are not at risk, it is advisable to check blood sugar every three years.
According to the 2002 diabetes prevention program, those who have high blood sugar have reduced the risk of diabetes by 31 percent compared with those who did not have any active substance. Physical activity reduced the risk of diabetes by 58 percent. "It's never too late to start practicing or changing your eating habits" says SDK President Katarina Rašlová. It also considers it important to raise people's awareness of healthy food.