In 1957, a 44-year-old writer, playwright, publicist and philosopher Albert Camus won the Nobel Prize for Literature. He was considered to be an existentialist, although he himself did not indicate this sign. His work was influenced by the next generation of writers.
Albert Camus was born on November 7, 1913, in the city of Mondo, Algeria (today in the city of Drin) to a mixed family – his mother was from Spain and a French father. In 1914, his father fought and fought during the First World War. He suffered serious injury, which he later suffered. Camus's mother was almost deaf, she could not read or write, she worked as a maid. In childhood, Albert Camus influenced his uncle Gustave Acault, who sponsored him financially, and made his library accessible.
Already in a primary school, a talented student noticed his teacher and invited Albert Kum to receive a scholarship. Thanks to him, he was able to study in the licee, although he came from bad conditions. At school he began to play football and got a good goalkeeper reputation. However, at the same time, he showed interest in the philosophy, in particular Friedrich Nietzsche. In 1930, Camus discovered tuberculosis. Despite medical and financial problems, he completed his studies of philosophy and literature.
He teaches theater since his youth. In 1935, he began to write Rub and Cheek, which was released two years later than his first book.
Kamu entered the Communist Party in 1934, but after two years he left. In 1938, he became a journalist who worked daily as editor-in-chief of the Republican Algerie, but the government banned the newspaper. Camu was expelled from Algeria and moved to Paris in 1940, continuing to work as a journalist and writer. He acted as a lecturer at the Gallimard Publishing House, led by the well-known resistance magazine Combat.
During this time, the first novel Albert Camus Cudzinec (1942) began to work. Together with other works, the Myth of Szeif, Misunderstandings, and Caligulus is part of the tetralogy, which the author has called "Absurdity cycle ". After the Second World War, in 1947, Camus's best-known novel, Mor, came out, similar to the fighters with a break. Many have seen this in parallel to the Nazi regime and the fight against it. "During ideology, we need to understand how we get to the murder, " Camus said it was a real question of how long violence or apparent injustice should be respected.
Albert Camus shares with writer André Gid and philosopher Jean-Paul Sartro. However, he later started with it.
In 1956, Camus, I'm not writing a humorous novel, Fall, drew attention. Originally this prose had to belong to the book of exile and the kingdom, but it came out individually. This work also contributed to the fact that Albert Camus, one of the youngest authors, won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1957. He was 44 years old and only 42-year-old British writer Rudyard Kipling won this highest award.
In his novels, drama and essays, Alberts Camus thought about the absurdity of human existence and sought to escape or rebel against fate. Although he abandoned the collective revolution, he recognized a rebel who could withstand suffering and evil. This uprising is one that surpasses itself and confirms its existence.
He has often spoken about political events, such as on August 8, 1945, as one of the few intelligence of journalism Combat to condemn the American atomic bomb in Hiroshima. It was also critical of the Soviet Union's policy. In 1953, he condemned the Russian repression in Berlin, as well as the violent intervention of the Soviet regime in Hungary in the 1956 revolutionary events.
Albert Camus died on 4 January 1960 as a result of a car accident in Villeblevine, France. He also died with the publisher and his friend Michel Gallimard. Subsequently, the murder of the writer supplemented his claim that his damage could have led the Soviet KGB. The hypothesis was published in 2011 by the Italian newspaper Corriere della Sera, inviting journalists from the Czech journalist Jan Zábran. The reason was Camus's criticism of the Soviet occupation of Hungary in 1956, namely the Soviet Interior Minister Šepilov.
In any case, the writer died at the time when he himself claimed that he was the beginning of a creative journey. In Camus's pockets, he found a return, an unused train ticket to Paris and the autobiographical novel The First Man, published by author's daughter Catherine after his death (1994). Camus's novel, "Happy Death," was sent out after stopping.
Albert Camus writes about Fascism and Communism in his book "The Raised Man": "In both systems, we can find the same political cynicism based on the same source – from the moral nihilism. However, we are not right when we guessed fascism and Russian communism in one bag. In the case of Fascism, the cat kata. Communism is more dramatic: kata praises victory. "