On Monday (October 12th), the World Health Organization (WHO) warned that antibiotic consumption in some countries is dangerously high, while the lack of other people contributes to risky abusive practices leading to the death of superbug infections.
Firstly, the United Nations Health Agency has announced that it has collected data on the use of antibiotics in major parts of the world and has found significant differences in consumption.
The report, based on 2015 data from 65 countries and regions, has had a significant difference in consumption figures as low as around four so-called specific daily rations (DDDs) per 1,000 inhabitants per day in Burundi and over 64 in Mongolia.
"The big difference in the use of antibiotics around the world suggests that some countries are likely to use excessive antibiotics, while other countries may not have sufficient access to these life-saving medicines," the WHO said.
In the 1920s, antibiotics have saved tens of millions of lives by overcoming bacterial diseases such as pneumonia, tuberculosis and meningitis.
But over the decades bacteria have learned to scare away in opposition to the same medicines that have safely won them.
The WHO has repeatedly warned that the world has effective antibiotics and last year encouraged governments and large medicines to create a new generation of medicines to fight ultra viral supermarkets.
"Excessive use and abuse of antibiotics are the main causes of antimicrobial resistance," said Suzanne Hill, WHO Chief Medical Officer.
"Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose the ability to treat common infections like pneumonia," she warned.
Bacteria can become resistant if patients are taking antibiotics that are not needed or without ending the treatment, giving them a chance to recover and build immunity.
Hill insisted that the conclusions "confirm the need for urgent measures, for example, to implement only prescription policies to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics." Although excessive use of antibiotics is alarming, WHO said that a small number is also a concern.
"Resistance can occur if people can not afford a full course of treatment or only have access to standard or counterfeit medicines," said.
The WHO report shows a high level of antibiotic consumption even in the regions.
In Europe, which reports the most complete data, the average antibiotic consumption was almost 18 DDD per 1,000 population per day.
But in this region, Turkey, which reached the highest level with more than 38 DDDs, showed almost five times higher consumption than Azerbaijan, which counted less than eight DDDs.
WHO has recognized the landscape of how antibiotics are used throughout the world is still not fully completed.
For example, Monday's report includes only four African countries, three Middle East countries and six countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
The chart lacks the United States, China and India in particular.
The WHO emphasized that in many countries there are serious problems in collecting reliable data, including lack of resources and trained staff.
Since 2016, the UN Agency has supported the collection of data in 57 low and middle income countries to establish a standardized system for controlling the use of antibiotics.
"Reliable data on antibiotic consumption is essential to help countries raise awareness about the proper use of antimicrobials," the WHO said.