Columbia University scientists have created a robot that can learn without prior programming through in-depth learning: development is the first step towards self-confidence in the machine.
The device consists of a combined hand arm and a "hand" as the hands of many of the factories, giving scientists from the University of New York the chance to "imagine yourself" using a self-simulation process.
Professor Hood Lipson, Director of the Creative Machine Lab, said: “If we want robots to become independent, quickly adapt to scenarios that their creators have not anticipated, then it is important that they learn to simulate themselves. Although our robot's ability to conceive itself is still unprocessed compared to humans, we believe that this ability is on the road to the self-confidence of the machine. ”
Initially, the robot experienced 24-hour behavior as a "blasphemous infant" that accidentally moved to try different tasks. Approximately a day of intense deep learning, the robot created an internal view of its structure and capabilities, and the machine was able to capture objects from specific locations and drop them with 100% accuracy.
Even if he fully relies on his own internal model – the "imagination" of the machine, the robot was able to complete a task related to space and location with a success rate of 44%.
The robot, who can imagine his body, has been created by scientists in the first step towards the self-confidence of the machine.
Doctoral student Robert Kwiatkowski, a member of the team, said: "It's just like trying to take a glass of water with closed eyes, which is a complicated process even for people."
Other tasks included writing the text on board using a marker.
However, in order to check if the robot can detect itself, scientists have replaced a part of the body with a deformed version. As a result, the machine was able to recognize the changes and work around it, with little loss of performance.
According to Professor Lipson, self-confident robots can light a new light on the old secret of consciousness: "Philosophers, psychologists and cognitive scientists have been thinking about the essence of self-awareness for thousands of years, but have made relatively little progress. We still cover the misunderstanding with subjective concepts, such as "the canvas of reality", but robots force us to turn these obscure concepts into specific algorithms and mechanisms.
Self-confident robots and computers that use amok or threatening people are rich material for sci-fi novels and movies, and scientists say they are aware of the potential threats associated with providing robots for self-confidence.
Writing in a magazine Science Robotsresearchers warn: "Self-confidence will create more flexible and adaptive systems, but also means some loss of control. It is a powerful technology, but it must be handled with care. ”
Last October, the Pepper humanoid robot, created by SoftBank Robotics, was the first robot to arrive at a UK parliament meeting before discussing the future of artificial intelligence in the classroom with the Education Selection Committee.