According to the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), about 33,000 people die every year from antibiotic-induced antimicrobials every year, reports that the effects of these diseases are comparable to those of the outbreaks of influenza, tuberculosis and HIV infection.
The ECDC analysis showed that since 2007 there has been an increase in the number of extremely high bacterial resistance, and many bacterial cases are resistant to even the most potent antibiotics in the carbapenem group – CRE.
Report the Al Jazeera Balkans on dangerous and difficult-to-treat enterobacter infections that are resistant to this type of antibiotic in hospitalized patients.
The last line of defense
Hina reports that carbapenems have a wide range of beta-lactam antibiotics and are often the last line of defense in several resistant bacteria.
This is precisely why CRE is resistant to almost all antibiotics in clinical practice, and therefore it is not a surprise to the high mortality rate of those patients in whom these bacteria are present in the blood.
"Data is alarming, since these antibiotics are the last line of defense in the case of several resistant bacteria," ECDC said.
"When these antibiotics are no longer effective, it is very difficult and in many cases it is not possible to cure an infection."
Experts estimate that about 70 percent of bacteria that cause infections are already resistant to at least one antibiotic that is commonly used for treatment.
ECDC study, the results of which are published in the professional journal Lansal infectious diseases, focuses on five types of infections caused by certain antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the European Union and the EEA.
It has been found that in 75% of cases it is a question of so-called hospital infections.
Distribution of resistant bacterial species
Superbacteria are rapidly spread due to excessive use of antibiotics in intensive care units where patients are most healthy and stronger medicines are prescribed on a regular basis.
"Strategies for the prevention and control of antibiotic-resistant bacteria require EU-EEA coordinated action worldwide," the report said, adding that, given the number of cases and the variation of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the EU- Prevention and control should be adapted to the situation in a particular country.
Easy access, a recipe without adequate indication and excessive use of antibiotics in agriculture has led to the emergence and spread of resistant bacterial species.
Today, many bacteria in their genome contain a large number of resistance genes and are resistant to several different antibiotic classes.
At the same time, some causes in the not too distant future may become resistant to all available antimicrobials, so many experts warn that we are coming to the so-called post-antibiotic age.