LONDON (Reuters) Women who smoke or who have diabetes or high blood pressure are more likely to cause a heart attack than men, an open British study.
Researchers have argued that women should be of the same therapeutic level as men, and should support smoking cessation.
Physicians should also be interested in identifying risk factors for sick women.
Men still have three times more heart attacks than women.
A study led by Oxford University researchers estimated that approximately 500,000 people were between the ages of 40 and 69 who were included in the BioBank database.
The study found that in the last seven years, 5081 people lived in the first heart attack, while a third of them were women.
Although the risk of heart attack in women is lower in lifetime than men, some risk factors seem to be more effective for them.
Women who smoke are three times more likely to have a heart attack than non-smokers, but smoking is increasing in men.
High blood pressure also increases the risk of women by 83% in addition to men.
The study found that Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes in women has a greater impact than men.
Researchers say they do not know why these factors are related to gender and can not make definitive conclusions about causation, but they accept some theories.
This can be caused by biological agents. For example, type 2 diabetes, often associated with poor diet and lifestyle, can have a different effect on women's minds than men.
Women generally do not know that they have a risk of heart disease, and their access to care and medical services may be lower than that of men.
Men are more likely to have a heart attack, but heart disease is the worst woman in Britain, researchers said in an additional study.
"Heart disease also affects women and should be recognized," said Elizabeth Millet, research director and epidemiologist at the University of Georgia Institute of Health at Oxford University.
"Despite the launch of many campaigns, women must be aware that they are in danger."
"This is a complex and long-term issue that probably involves a combination of factors, biological and social factors," she said.
She said that in the future, the overall rate of a woman's heart attack may be similar to that of men.
Women with diabetes, high blood pressure and smoking "should be aware of the risk level of many men," said the authors of the study.
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