The government encourages testing of the campaign: “HIV / AIDS. Take the test. If positive, start treatment ”
On Tuesday (1), commemorated as “World AIDS Day”, the Ministry of Health presented data showing a drop in the number of cases and deaths in Brazil. Between 2012 and 2019, the AIDS detection rate decreased by 18.7%. The mortality rate has decreased by 17.1% in the last 5 years, between 2015 and 2019.
“Today, we may have the lowest AIDS mortality rate in Brazil in the last 10 years at 4.1 per 100,000,” said Arnaldo Medeiros, health secretary.
AIDS is a disease caused by the manifestation of the HIV virus. There are currently about 920,000 people living with HIV in Brazil, according to the Ministry of Health. Of these, 89% have been diagnosed and 77% are being treated with antiretroviral medicines, which are medicines that prevent the virus from multiplying in the body and are distributed free of charge. provided by the Unified Health System (SUS). By 2020, approximately 642 thousand people had received antiretroviral treatment. In 2018, 593,594 people were treated. “We can say that 94% of this antiretroviral population no longer transmits HIV through sex just because they have reached an undetectable viral load. This is very important because it reflects the strength of our treatment, the strength that early diagnosis and with the right treatment, you can control the disease, ”says the secretary.
To mark World AIDS Day, the Ministry of Health launched an HIV / AIDS prevention campaign. This year, the slogan is “HIV / AIDS. Take the test. If positive, start treatment. ” The message of the campaign is to strengthen the role of AIDS prevention and the search for early diagnosis and treatment of the disease.
“We are increasingly promoting prevention and looking for our doctor in the main unit so that he or she can check you, check you and treat you with the Ministry of Health,” explains Arnaldo Medeiros.
Panorama of the disease in Brazil:
In Brazil, in 2019, 41,919 new HIV cases and 37,308 AIDS cases were diagnosed. The highest concentration of AIDS cases in the country is among young people aged 25 to 39, recording 492,800 records. Of the figures registered in this age group, 52.4% are men and 48.4% are women.
Over a 10-year period, the rate of HIV detection in pregnant women increased by 21.7%, which is partly explained by the expansion of prenatal diagnostics and improved surveillance for the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV. HIV. From 2015 to 2019, the detection rate of AIDS among children under 5 years of age decreased by 22% for pregnant women.
Actions during the Covid-19 crisis:
During the fight against Covid-19, the treatment of HIV patients deserved various actions. The Ministry of Health extended the strategy of expanded delivery of antiretroviral drugs from 30 to 60 or even 90 days. That is, instead of withdrawing enough medication for just one month, the patient can withdraw the required amount for up to three months. Thus, 77% of patients treated have a 60- and 90-day dispensation, compared with 48% in 2019.
The number of self-tests and the supply of anti-HIV tests for hospitalized patients with respiratory syndrome also increased.
About HIV / AIDS:
A disease caused by a human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, AIDS attacks the immune system, which is responsible for protecting the body against the disease. Low immunity allows the emergence of opportunistic diseases, which are called the benefits of body weakness.
Transmission occurs during unprotected sex, sharing infected syringes, transfusing infected blood, or from a mother to a child during pregnancy and lactation, unless preventive measures are taken. Therefore, it is always important to check and protect yourself in all situations.
Knowing the HIV-positive serology as soon as possible significantly increases the life expectancy of a person living with the virus. He who regularly tests, seeks treatment at the right time and follows the recommendations of the health team gains a lot of quality of life.
Antiretroviral drugs appeared in the 1980s to prevent HIV from multiplying in the body. This medicine helps to prevent the immune system from weakening. They increase time and quality of life and reduce hospitalization for opportunistic infections. Since 1996, Brazil has been distributing antiretroviral agents free of charge.