The consumption of electronic cigarettes increases the risk of stroke, heart attack, or coronary heart disease, according to new medical research published on Wednesday.
The American Heart Association study to be presented next week at the International Medical Conference in Honolulu (Hawaii, USA) is by far the largest investigator of this type of impact. cigarette suffering.
To develop this, scientists used the 2016 database with some 400,000 people in 50 countries.
In total, 66,795 people said they often had this type of tobacco compared to 343,856 who said they had never tried to use electronic cigarettes.
Researchers used the logistic regression analysis commonly used in statistics to predict the outcome of a categorical variable based on independent or predictive variables.
Thus, they found that so-called e-cigarette consumers are at greater risk than non-smokers suffering from multiple health problems: in fact they were 71% more likely to suffer from stroke, 59% more suffer from heart attack or angina and 40% more than coronary heart disease .
The study also found that 4.2% of "evaporators" reported having suffered a stroke, although the analysis did not reflect the number of deaths associated with this type of cigarette.
"Compared to consumers, consumers of electronic cigarettes were younger, had a lower body mass index and lower levels of diabetes," said one of the authors of the analysis, Paul M. Ndunda of the Medical School. University of Kansas.
According to the data collected in the study, 3.2% of adults and 11.3% of high school students who have accepted electronic cigarettes in the last 30 days in the US.
Between 2011 and 2015, its use among young people increased by 900%.
The analysis will be presented next week at the International Brain Injury Conference in Honolulu.
The American Heart Association recalls that nicotine-containing cigarettes are tobacco and should be subject to the rules for these types of products, and called for legislation to prevent young people from accessing so-called e-cigarettes.