The risk of suffering from addiction and suicidal behavior can be manifested patients who have had a bariatry surgery to lose weightsaid psychologist Veronica Vázquez of the National Institute of Medical Sciences and Nutrition (INCMNSZ).
This was revealed by a study conducted in Mexico by the INCMNSZ and presented at the congress Week of objectivity, held in Nashville, USA, to understand why some patients can not lose weight despite the bariatric surgery used to treat obesity.
"It is known that this procedure plays an important role in reducing weight and improving side effects, but there are patients who can not achieve this weight loss, and it's important to know what happens to these patients who are not working well," he said.
A specialist who is part of the project said that the study involved 77 patients who underwent this procedure between 2012 and 2016, although the study was conducted a year later.
He explained that the study found that 80% of patients had managed to reduce at least 50% of their original weight, but the remaining 20% even reported that after the operation they felt still hungry.
"This suggests that many patients have a lower response to the feeling of satiety or they are food-dependent patients to enjoy food, or they can not distinguish between efforts and hunger, "she said.
As he pointed out, some patients showed addiction problems, while others suffered from anxiety and depression and 4% of them had suicidal behavior.
"There are those who are not benefiting, but they can not continue eating the same way they ate before the surgery, and therefore, alcohol consumption can increase because the food does not meet the benefits of food," she said.
Although the main factor in suicidal desires is the look "Because some of the patients who lose weight are exposed to their skin, and after obesity they are generally not happy with their body," the doctor said.
He also said The weight loss effect is in your personal life, because "many can divorce if they are married, or there are family problems as their eating behavior, self-confidence and self-confidence are changing. "
In this regard, he noted that it might be known that 50% of the patients suffered from anxiety and depression before surgery, this postoperative situation decreased significantly.
The doctor for obesity and dietetic disorders said that this study highlights the importance of comprehensive treatment for obese patients.
"But patients also need to understand that it is a chronic disease and that treatment should live, so they should change their eating habits and improve their physical activity," he said.
He added that lObesity needs to be treated in a multidisciplinary manner, and although not all patients need psychotherapy, everyone needs psychological research to understand why they eat what they eat and what their relationship is with food, and from there they can better work against overweight.
He said that the next task for professionals is to improve the patient's observation after this type of surgery to help them avoid weight recovery and the physical and emotional consequences that might be associated with the procedure.
According to World Health Organization (WHO) data 2016 in the world more than 1900 million adults over the age of 18 were overweight, of which 650 million were obese.
Mexico is one of the countries most affected by obesity. According to the 2016 National Health Survey, 36.3% of adolescents and 72.5% of Mexican adults are overweight or obese.