The concern of health care institutions is the phenomenon of antimicrobial resistance. According to OECD data, super bacteria could kill 2.4 million people by 2050. However, simple measures can be taken to combat this disaster.
The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) warns against over-consumption of antibiotics in a report published on Wednesday (November 7th).
Finally, anti-bacterial resistant bacteria could kill 2.4 million people in Europe, North America and Australia by 2050. Therefore, it is urgent to reduce the consumption of antibiotics. Here are 4 questions to learn more about antimicrobial resistance.
What is antibacterial resistance?
"Antimicrobial resistance is bacterial resistance to antibiotics", defines the website of the Ministry of Solidarity and Health. Bacteria "used" for this type of medicine are transformed and developed protective mechanisms. The result? Antibiotics become ineffective in treating these infections.
What are the causes of antimicrobial resistance?
Antibiotic resistance has led to excessive and repeated antibiotic use. But the antibiotic affects both the treated bacteria of the infection and those that are important for the body. Therefore, antibiotic resistance mechanisms can develop for all bacteria.
What are the consequences of antimicrobial resistance?
"Antibiotic resistance is threatening our current lifestyle and threatening all the advances that medication has given over 70 years.", reports the website of the Ministry of Health. "If excessive use of antibiotics is not stopped, antimicrobial resistance may become one of the main causes of death in the world".
Without effective antibiotics, the risk of medical intervention, such as surgery or chemotherapy, would be too high and would not be possible. The disease lasts longer and could be a source of serious complications.
Which category of people most affected this disaster?
"The chance of getting an isolation infection is significantly higher for children in the first year and adults aged 70", informs the OECD press release. On the other hand, men are more likely than women to develop a resistant infection.
How to stop antimicrobial resistance?
A report from the OECD shows that three out of four deaths from these infections can be addressed by simple measures: promoting better hygiene (hand washing), more rational use of antibiotics, testing patients to determine if they have viral or bacterial infections, delay antibiotic prescribing or arrange awareness campaigns in the media.
To read also:
⋙ WHO Antibiotic Warnings: How to Use It?
⋙ The use of antibiotics increases the risk of developing kidney stones
⋙ 6 misunderstandings about antibiotics