Experts further point out that a loved one can depend on prescription painkillers and what you should do.
Actress Jamie Lee Curtis has been able to hide opioid dependence over a decade.
"I had ten years of work, theft, calling. Nobody knew. Nobody," said the "Halloween" star in a recent magazine "People."
Admission issues some important questions.
How does one hide such a debilitating addiction?
And how do those who love them do not pay attention?
You think it's not related to you, but if you're older, brother or boyfriend, it can only be.
"Our own research proves that teenagers start 90 percent of the use of all substances, and most of those who abuse opioids first access the product from a family or peer rather than their doctor," Molly Bobek, Clinical Implementation Director, Health Center, said Healthline.
Every day, 115 of these loved ones die in the United States from misuse of opioids.
Stopping this model means saving lives.
But first you need to know the warning signs.
Knowing risk factors and symptoms is a first step to help loving ones.
"The use of substances often manifests itself as a strategy for dealing with injuries," Bobek said.
It can continue the addiction generation cycles.
"The use of substances can cause injuries to people taking substances, as well as substances around them," Bobek explained.
Dr. Lawrence Weinstein, chief physician of American addiction centers, said Healthline said he wanted the family to be aware of opioid dependence, "people are required to act in such a way that they will never be treated normally, and sometimes this behavior can be devastating."
"It's not who they are, they are symptoms of the disease," he added. "Dependence is not a moral failure, no imagination. It is a disease to be managed, just like hypertension or diabetes."
Bobek reminds us that, although "the family can be greatly influenced by loving people's addiction or abuse of substances," they also play an important role in supporting a loved one in the use of substance abuse and can help change the trajectory of the problem by compassionate work to motivate their loved ones to seek evidence-based attitude. "
Wainstein said that some loved ones may have signs of opioid dependence:
- continues to use the substance even if it has a negative effect
- significant somnolence or sedation
- slow breathing
- narrow students
- suddenly deceiving or losing consciousness
- mood change
- an extra pill bottle trash
- symptoms of withdrawal that may impair flu symptoms
- if you address him to your concerns
- drug supplies in or around the user's bedroom or living room; such things as vials, needles, rubber tubes and spoons that are bent or burnt down may indicate heroin misuse
"There is a difference between physiological dependency and addiction, in which someone is forcibly using opioids and continues to use, despite negative consequences," notes Bobek.
"It's important for loved ones to settle these two debts, it's important that they worry about a loved one," she added.
Experts say we should remember that opioids have a medical value for many people with chronic pain that does not misuse them. Not all who use prescription opioids become addicted.
"There are some people, such as chronic pain in patients who can take opioids for years to keep their pain in the bay, and there are others whose dependence begins after the administration of opioids to the festering ankle," Weinstein explained. "There are others who are more at risk of suffering from addiction based on their genetic makeup."
Dr. Anthony Campbell, Clinical Specialist Advisor on Drug Administration and Mental Health Services, Center for Drug Treatment, told Healthline that there is a difference in dependence and substance abuse disparities.
Disorders of the substance are "repeated use of alcohol or other drugs causing clinically and functionally significant disorders, such as health problems, disability and inadequacy of the main duties at work, at school or at home. Depending on the severity of the disorder, the disorder is classified as mild, moderate or severe, "explained Campbell.
He added that addiction is defined as the most serious, chronic form of substance abuse.
This is when a person experiences a significant loss of self-test.
Weinstein said: "It may be difficult to tell the difference between adolescent age groups and actual drug use, but parents can talk actively with their teenagers to find out what's going on."
These are some of the signs that parents can watch:
- drop in degrees
- bloody eyes
- laughing for no reason
- loss of interest in the activities
- bad hygiene
- reduced personal appearance
- Avoid contact with eyes
- often famine or "munchies"
- smoke smell to breathe or clothes
- secret behavior
- unusual fatigue
- missing evening call
"One in five parents suspected that their teenagers are taking drugs does not interfere with the prevention of further drug use," Weinstein said.
He suggests parents "ask simple questions … in the right tone." It means with compassion and understanding.
"Just asking:" Have you used drugs or alcohol? "Or" Has anyone ever offered you drugs recently? "It might be enough to start a conversation," said Weinstein.
Weinstein reminds us that "addiction is inappropriate, a stumbling block that can affect people of all ages, sex and ethnicity."
However, some of us have a higher risk of addiction than others.
Campbell agrees that although psychosocial issues and chronic pain are risk factors, genetics accounts for 40 to 60 percent.
Risk factors will also increase with prescription opioids.
"Studies show that the longer one is taking prescription opioids, the greater the risk of addiction or an addiction that is problematic to human life," Bobek said.
"We also know that there is also a person's history of abuse, stress, history of trauma, mental health and emotional difficulty in risk factors." People should talk to their healthcare providers if they think they are at risk. . "
Weinstein outlined some questions to consider when assessing the risk of a person taking prescription pain suppressants:
- Did they notice that their recipe lasts as long as it is intended?
- Have they developed tolerance?
- Need more and more pills to achieve the desired effect?
- Do they have sleeping problems?
- Do they speak with their speech?
- Are they getting forgotten or seemingly lacking in coordination?
- Are they suffering from headaches, nausea and / or generalized pain in the body that are only released from other pills? These are actually symptoms of withdrawal and the person is taking this medication, not because of pain, but because withdrawal is uncomfortable and unwanted.
"People should talk to healthcare professionals if they are at risk of misuse their opioid prescriptions and they should always take the medicine as prescribed." Bobek said.
Bobek says another key factor in safety is that "if someone is experiencing a problem with opioid abuse or mental health, they should seek evidence-based treatment to reduce the risk of opioid abuse."
Weinstein offers advice to loved ones who are worried.
"The most important thing is to note that your beloved is not bad, weak or anything," he said. "Dependency is a chronic and relapse disorder. By approaching them from this thinking, they feel that they are caring for it, not appreciate, blame and attack those who can not control them."
Weinstein then suggests: "Provide your loved one for whom you care for them" and "describe them the behavior you have seen and express your concerns."
"This conversation should take place in such a way that the loved one does not feel stiff or as if they were destroyed," Weinstein continued, emphasizing the importance of "letting[ing] answer and talk to them "and" encourage "[ing] your dear to seek help. "
Weinstein ended, saying, "Explain to them that you know they are sick and that you are ready to support them for all sorts of purposes, so that they can receive the help they need."
Bobek says, "Recovery does not have any suitable approach. Every client has a different journey. However, MAT (medical treatment) is the only scientifically proven treatment for OUD (opioid abuse), and this is a fact that can be deadly to ignore. "
If you are worried about your opioid use or risk factors, contact your doctor and mental health specialist.
Early intervention can save lives.
Opiate addiction is a life-threatening illness that does not discriminate, but some people have higher risk factors than others.
Genetics, psychosocial issues, and chronic pain are common risk factors.
Illnesses signify less ability to maintain a functional school, work or residence, and lose self-control when it comes to drug use, regardless of adverse effects.