- diabetes prevention
- Recognizing the symptoms of diabetes
- manage diabetes
Today's global diabetes is over 425 million people. human beings. It is estimated that another 352 million people have a high risk of developing diabetes. Most of the sick (327 million) are people of working age, i.e. y Age 20-64 and live in urban areas (279 million).
According to the European Diabetes Federation, in 2017, the number of patients with diabetes in Europe was 58 million. This figure is expected to be 2045. can rise to 67 million
The number of people with diabetes in Lithuania in 2017 reached 107 thousand. Most of these cases are type 2 diabetes, which can be avoided through the principles of healthy lifestyle: regular physical activity and a healthy and balanced diet. Families play a key role in managing diabetes management, which needs to be changed when the family maintains patients, resources and a healthy environment.
1 out of 2 people currently living with type 2 diabetes have not been diagnosed with the disease. Early diagnosis and treatment are very important in preventing the complications of diabetes mellitus (diabetes is a common disorder of heart disease, stroke, blindness, renal failure, and abdominal lobe abnormalities) and the achievement of positive treatment results. Diabetes can be linked to all families, so it's important for everyone to recognize their symptoms and understand the risk factors.
As already mentioned, among the sick Type 2 diabetes (90% of all people in the world) with diabetes is characterized by the following symptoms:
- frequent urination
- great suppression
- increasingly scared
- weight loss
- Failure to concentrate or keep attention
- weakened rega
- vomiting and abdominal pain (often mixed with influenza).
- People in the immediate environment are first and foremost able to make changes, so the role of the family is crucial for early diagnosis of diabetes.
However, the main factor in reducing the incidence of diabetes is prevention. The family is especially important here, as one of the main factors preventing diabetes can be diet. The International Association for Diabetes calls for the following measures: nutritional recommendations:
- instead of fruit juice, sugar or other sweetened beverages, choose water, do not sweeten teas;
- Eat at least three servings of vegetables each day;
- Eat until three servings of sweet fruit daily;
- nuts, fresh fruits or unsweetened yogurt for snacks;
- restrict the consumption of alcoholic beverages;
- Eat lean white meat, poultry or seafood dishes and avoid processed meat;
- eat peanut butter instead of chocolate or jam;
- Choose whole-grain bakery products, brown rice or whole wheat noodle;
- to give preference to unsaturated fat for daily consumption.
Another important goal of diabetes prevention is to promote physical activity, taking into account the individual's individual abilities and integrating it into day-to-day activities (intensive walking, jogging, horticulture or other active household activities).
The Health Education and Prevention Center stresses that, in order to minimize morbidity and mortality from diabetes, we need to be aware that there is a need to continuously adjust the risk factors for diabetes. Many healthcare professionals are available to many residents of Lithuania through participation in the Cardiovascular Disease and Diabetes Risk Grouping Program.
The aim of this program is to introduce risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus, teach them how to change lifestyles, manage stress, choose healthy diets and exercise, thus improving the health of the risk group. The program can be visited by 40-65 years old. who are at risk of cardiovascular disease and diabetes, but still inactive.
To participate in this free program, contact a family doctor or health care office in the municipality where you live.
Information was prepared by Irma Bukotienė, Healthcare Specialist, Center for Health Education and Disease Prevention, Center for Noncommunicable Diseases
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