Every other person in the world with diabetes does not know that he has this disease. There are more than 100,000 people with diabetes in Lithuania. According to doctors, because of type 2 diabetes, the person does not feel symptoms, therefore, should be checked regularly.
In particular, testing should include the use of obesity, malicious unhealthy foods, and small movements. However, the first type of diabetes can even lead to new, slides and healthy people. It was told by DELFI TV studio.
Aiste Jakimavičiūtė-Bikauskei is now 28 years old and suffers from the first type of diabetes for 10 years.
"During these years, I have seen a variety of things – school harassment, lack of awareness of school staff, as well as new technologies adapted to the treatment of this disease," said Aistė DELFI TV studio.
– Education is particularly important in health-related issues. I.e. When we understand it, we can eat this disease, otherwise we can not do anything. Diabetes is a very malignant disease, because today I do not feel bad, but after 20 years it can become very sad, so it's very important to talk about it. That's why I want to share the knowledge with the people I have gained. "
Eurovision pharmacist Elva Ramaškiene says that the whole diagnosis of diabetes in the family is changing – diet, regime. "Not only people diagnosed with the disease," says a pharmacist.
What is diabetes and what are the different types of diabetes?
According to diabetes-treated Aistes, the most common myth is that diabetes becomes ill because of the over-management of sweets in childhood. "People think diabetes is directly related to it," says Aiste.
VUL Santaros Clinic, Endocrinologist Modesta Petravičiūtė, said diabetes mellitus was an illness with blood glucose levels.
"The pancreas produces an insulin hormone that regulates blood sugar, which lowers blood glucose levels by transferring it to the cells, thus generating energy. If there is diabetes, insulin does not have the first type of diabetes insulin or its absolute deficit. The first type of diabetes is the disease , which affects the pancreas and is not insulin, says an endocrinologist.
– Type 2 diabetes is usually due to obesity, and do not move if you are ill. If the body weight is high, insulin resistance develops in the body. This means that the cell needs more insulin to allow for the administration of glucose. For a person, the need for normal contraction is less, and an obese person needs more. As a result, people first feel good because the pancreas produces too much insulin, because it needs more.
After all, the pancreas disappears at a specific time, the insulin decreases, and then the second type of diabetes develops. Genetics is involved in both the first and second cases of diabetes. It is a complex disease that is determined both by genetic and environmental factors. "
The doctor says that it's not exactly known why people develop the first type of diabetes.
"Thinking otherwise is a virus, genetics, but the exact cause is not known. There is a genetic predisposition, but it is not exactly known why it develops," says a doctor.
According to the doctor, the risk factors for type 2 diabetes are changing – starting to use (it is advisable to move at least 30 minutes a day to increase heart rate), a balanced diet and adjust blood cholesterol. When weight decreases, blood pressure also decreases.
Pharmacist E. Ramaškienė says that these days the first type of diabetes is difficult to determine, however, the first symptoms should be checked:
- frequent urination;
- weight loss
Type 2 diabetes prevention
The faster people are diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, the better. "Symptoms last a few months before the patient is eventually forced to go to a hospital, reanimate and diagnose the disease," says Dr. Petravičiūtė,
When it gets worse, the acetone taste is felt in the mouth.
"It's easier for adults to get the symptoms, they do not pay attention to the children as it is, so it's sometimes advisable to check blood sugar levels prophylactically. People are thought to have an increased level of blood glucose but they are not diabetic and can be avoided. In this case The medicine and diet are tailored, says an endocrinologist.
"At first, health can still be cured, but with type 2 diabetes, just as in the first case, you will need insulin and the like. There is no back," says Aiste, a diabetic patient.
"As you know, 80% of people with type 2 diabetes die from cardiovascular diseases, because everything is very neglected," says E. Ramaškienė.
Learn more about diabetes mellitus when looking at a job.
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