It is not surprising that the presence of perchlorates is much on the subject, but so far there has been no explanation of where they are from the surface of Mars – they account for 0.5-1 percent. dust cover.
An experimentally discovered explanation of its originality has been found. The surface of the marble is extremely dry, so there is a stagnation of static electricity during dust storms. As we understand it, it is not lightning, but a process that resembles a spark when traveling through wool or similar absorbent material.
When conditions were restored in a laboratory near Mars, it was found that this spark generates a large number of free radicals that can form perchlorates. It produces a thousand times more perchlorates than photochemical reactions, which is the main mechanism of perchlorate formation on Earth.
True, it is unclear if sparks are capable of producing enough perchlorate – it is estimated that they are ten million times more than they could produce photochemical reactions in Marseille. However, in Mars, where post-war storms occur every couple of years, the production of perchlorates can be fast enough. The results of the study are published in "Earth and Planetary Science Letters".
Sometimes a storm in Mars causes interesting atmospheric phenomena – for example, a thousand-kilometer-long, nearly 1.5 months of clouds from the peak of the Arseny volcano that flows out. At first glance it looks like a volcanic eruption effect, but this is not the case. Arsia Volcano, like all other Marseilles, has long been exhausted.
The shape of the cloud is determined by the height of the hill – it is raised at least 9 km above the surrounding plains, so the air rises through it, it cools and squeezes. Such conditions are perfect for cloud computing, and the atmosphere that looked from time to time in the waves of the mountains and creates additional clouds. After seeing the cloud, it shows that it consists of individual fragments – each such fragment is one atmosphere of the atmosphere.
In the case of recent storms, dust forms clouds – they act as condensation codes that accumulate in water and in carbon dioxide molecules.