Among the most recent, the Greenpeace International Environment Organization, the city of Jounieh, is one of the world's most polluted cities, having occupied fifth place in the world of the Arab world and 23 in the world as a proportion of polluted gas and nitrogen dioxide (NO2) in the air, competing with Beirut and the area of major industrial capitals in the highest ranking of the world's most polluted cities, and in the cities of Jounieh, such as Cairo and New Delhi.
The pollution of Lebanon is not limited to air but extends to groundwater, sea water, beaches and the ground. Lebanon's largest river, the great contamination of the Litani River, has resulted in unprecedented levels of cancer. Lebanon is the last country to list the number of cancer cases in the population. According to a report released by the World Health Organization in September 2018, more than 17,000 new infections and 242 cancer cases per 100,000 Lebanon in 2018.
Environmental education statistics of the American University of Beirut and a member of the Samar Khalil Waste Management Coalition, Lebanon's environmental disaster calls for the announcement of a state of emergency, pointing out that pollution is all about life – whether water, soil or air – some of the plants are watered with sewage, most of which are in the sea. "Seawater is not suitable for swimming, and fish in Lebanon's coastal waters can not be eaten," said Khalil Asharq Al-Awsat. Khalil points out that one of the main causes of air pollution is the excessive use of the Lebanese housing producers, pointing out they are "polluting as the proportion of pollutants in the air is about 30%."
While the conflict between the optimal mechanism for solving the electricity crisis continues, generators are very widespread, leading to an increase in the proportion of carcinogens in the air. According to the American University of Beirut study, there are only 496 generators in the Hamra area, and the location near the generator increases the risk of lung cancer by 13 times. According to the World Health Organization, the proportion of airborne particles is 150-200% higher than the permitted limits.
"Lebanon's source of air pollution is well-known and a clear plan is needed for immediate action to put an end to them," said Julian Gritsati, campaign leader for the Arab world. "In addition to generators, combustion of fuel to generate electricity, or ships that we have brought from abroad to assist in the provision of electricity shortages, which is one of the major causes of major air pollution that requires renewable energies, such as solar energy, depends on many countries in the world.
"The increase in the number of cars used in Lebanon is also a negative factor for increasing air pollution," said Asharq Al-Awsat. This reality has to be solved by a common transport plan and there is no plan to extend the roads. "" How do we explain that today we are competing with the big industrial nations in the highest ranks of the most polluted countries, and we are not an industrialized country? What is happening is very dangerous, and the study, which showed Jounieh, also confirms that the surrounding areas, Keserwan, Lebanon Hill and Beirut, have huge dirt that the state organs are urging to call him. "
According to Greenpeace Jounieh Air Pollution Report, which treats NO2 as the main pollutant in air, the LEA said, inter alia, that "Several measures have been taken to reduce NOx in the laboratory with other emissions to meet the Lebanese Ministry of Environment standards" .