The Hayabusa 2 mission of the Japanese Space Agency is trying to answer some basic questions about the origin of the solar system and where particles such as water came from..
The spacecraft was launched in 2014 from the Japanese space center Tanegashima, and it took four years to reach the asteroid Ryugu to reach the example and return to Earth in November 2019..
The return of Hayabus 2 takes place with the world’s first samples from the surface of the asteroid, several weeks after NASA’s Oasis-Rex spacecraft captured samples from the surface of the asteroid Bennu..
China, meanwhile, said this week that its lunar landing had collected underground specimens and sealed them in a spacecraft to return to Earth as developing countries compete in space for their missions.
Trevors Ireland, a space rock expert at the Australian National University, said he waited for Woomer to lower the capsule, expecting specimens of the asteroid Ryugu to resemble a meteorite that fell more than 50 years ago in Australia at Murchison in Victoria..
“The Murchison meteorite has opened a window to the origin of organic matter on Earth, as these stones have been found to contain simple amino acids in addition to abundant water,” Maryland said.“.
“We will examine whether the asteroid Ryugu is a possible source of organic matter and water on Earth when the solar system formed, and whether these materials are still intact on the surface of the asteroid,” he said.“.
Scientists say they believe that samples, especially those taken from the surface of an asteroid, contain valuable data that are not affected by space radiation and other environmental factors. Scientists are particularly interested in the analysis of organic matter in samples.