The large height of the goliath is more like a metaphor, the new study wrote. However, it does not reveal whether other aspects of this biblical story are true, such as whether such an unequal struggle took place at all.
“We are not trying to verify the truth of this story. The key here is the length of the Goliath. Where did it come from? ” commented archaeologist Jeffrey Chedwick.
Some ancient texts state that Goliath is four cubits and one span long, which researchers estimate is about 2.38 meters. In other texts, it was written that he was six cubits long and about 3.46 meters long. It is definitely an impressive stature if we are talking about a real person. Today, the tallest man was Robert Vadlov, who was 2.72 meters tall.
However, researchers are still debating what these ancient cavities and splits are in modern terms. Most likely, these units differed in different parts of the ancient world. Chedwick has long been involved in the study of ancient architectural sites in ancient Israel, measuring the remains of structures and noting measurements that were frequently used. His study indicates that one cub in the region was equal to 54 centimeters, while the span was equal to 22 centimeters.
Chedwick is part of a team of archaeologists excavating in Gata, the Philistine city where Goliath grew up, according to the Bible.
Recently, researchers found a fortification wall in the northern part of the city. It was built in the 10th century BC, when the Philistines controlled the city.
Chedwick told Live Science that the stone foundations were exactly 2.38 meters wide (four cubits and one span). The wall itself was probably 7 meters high.
In his presentation, Chedwick said that biblical writers may have borrowed Goliath from the width of the city’s defensive wall. Goliath is the only person in the Bible whose body is precisely described.
Assuming that the authors of the Bible probably did not have access to Goliath’s corpse, the question arises as to where they got such a definite Goliath stature – four cubits and a splinter.
It is possible that this is a metaphor and they equate the strong Goliath with the strong city walls.