Friday , June 9 2023

For the first time, I managed to observe how the black hole absorbs matter


Substance behavior near a black hole. The concentric circles shown in the picture are around a black hole rotating gas.

Substance behavior near a black hole. The concentric circles shown in the picture are around a black hole rotating gas.

Photo: European Southern Observatory

An interesting and in a way mysterious message that appeared at one time with Halloween. Specifically, scientists have come up with a statement that they have for the first time seen how the black hole absorbs matter. Moreover, this is not an ordinary black hole, but one that is located in our galactic, called Milky Way, in the middle. Also, the solar system (and, hence, each of us), similar to the gaming trail, is in a slow rotation around the galactic axis centered on the middle of the black hole.

For the first time, the existence of black holes was theoretically demonstrated already in 1915.

This was done by the German physicist Karl Schwarzschild in an analysis of the recently published Albert Einstein general relativity theory equations. From them it follows that the material can be squeezed so heavily that heavier bodies with enormous density are formed. So much so that their gravitational field can not overcome even the light.

Now we understand that some stars begin to shrink after the end of nuclear reactions, "fall in their own way" and finally create a black hole. The features of the black hole are the most fantastic hypotheses (which are not completely groundless) that they can give the opportunity to travel in space and in time that they hide the gate to other universes. A mysterious phenomenon that inspired countless science fiction novels and films.

Physicists also realized that it's not possible to see black holes directly, we can see only indirect evidence. For example, atypical gravity anomalies. Now, at last, astronomers from the Southern European Observatory in the Atakam Desert in Chile have been able to observe and capture spiral gaseous structures that rotate around a circle at a huge speed of around 100,000 kilometers per second and then suddenly disappear literally anywhere.

Everyone agrees that it is nothing but an array of black holes that absorb matter. The picture is quite similar to what we see by skipping water from the bathtub – the water in the whirlpool disappears in the sewer pipe. Observations have been made in the eye in the invisible infrared spectrum, so for publicity reasons, the photos are artificially colored.

Question: what will happen to us? If not with us, then with our Sun. Nothing good, it will eventually disappear in the black hole. But there are two good news. In one of his recent works, the British physicist Steven Hawking, who has just died, has shown that,

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Due to the regularities of quantum physics, black holes slowly evaporate.

Not so fast as they suck the matter, but still.

The second good news is that our solar system is located on the outskirts of the galaxy, with its center and a dangerous black hole separating us from 26,000 light years. It's a huge distance – 246 times 10 with fifteen zeros per kilometer. So we can be calm for the time being. Indeed, it is sometimes better to live in a province than a metropolis.

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