Children's Clinical University Hospital (BKUS) endocrinologists admit that type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in children too late in Latvia. This is due to a lack of information for parents and the general public. 88.4 per cent of children diagnosed with the disease are already in a serious condition in the Children's Hospital, or diabetic ketoacidosis, informs Vytautas Šteina, a representative of BKUS.
"Every year in Latvia, diabetic type 1 diabetes is diagnosed in 75 to 85 children. If the symptoms of the disease were recognized at an early stage, then the treatment of children would be much easier, less psychologically traumatic and so often do not come to resuscitation," says Dr. Iveta Līte – Krīsāne, adding that in more advanced countries, diabetic ketoacidosis was found in children in 50 to 55 percent of cases.
Early symptoms of type 1 diabetes can be seen in cases of acute viral illness in a child. "The child feels more tired and wants to sleep more often, more thirsty and more likely to visit the lavatory as usual and begin to lose weight. Parents often say they have taken these symptoms of the effects of the virus and have not paid enough attention to them. However, these are the symptoms it should be taken into account in order to diagnose type 1 diabetes in a timely manner and to be able to provide timely assistance to the child. However, signs of diabetes can also develop on a healthy background. Parents should be very careful to protect the child from severe health problems, "explains Livita-Krišāne.
If the symptoms are not recognized early, the disease progresses to diabetic ketoacidosis, which is expressed as vomiting, abdominal pain, rapid and deep breathing, rapid heart beat, severe weakness, abnormal consciousness and coma. If any of these symptoms are observed, you should call Emergency Medical Services immediately.
Type 1 diabetes is not caused by diabetes, overweight or inactive lifestyle. This can not be avoided and it is not yet possible to fully cure it. The treatment of the disease is based on the substitution of insulin with routine subcutaneous injections or with an insulin pump. The cause of Type 1 diabetes mellitus is the specific (autoimmune) immunity disorder promoted by genetic predisposition (diabetes in the family), adverse environmental conditions, some viral diseases can contribute to the development of diabetes mellitus in children with a genetic predisposition.
In Latvia, in general, type 1 diabetes afflicts around 700 children under the age of 18, as well as about 95 000 adults. Of these, around 650 children under the age of 18 have Type 1 diabetes mellitus.
With the clarification of Yelizaveta Sokolovskaya, a physician at the Pauls Stradiņš Clinical University Hospital, you can find out what diseases are at risk for diabetic patients and what to do to avoid them. But this article tells you how to deal with a parent with a child diagnosed with diabetes.