Sunday , March 7 2021

Sleep apnea is never underestimated: what they can hide

sleep apnea they should not be underestimated and the reason is very simple: they can hide a much more serious problem. This is due to the 2018 National Congress of Pneumonia, which created a particularly worrying alarm: Night apnea can be a symptom of a cardio-cerebrovascular disease. But what exactly are these apnea? From a medical point of view it is a respiratory discontinuity that lasts for several seconds. The cause is the upper respiratory tract, but what are the consequences? First of all, it refers to the proper functioning of the body. In the short term, there are physical consequences, for example drowsiness, headache and reduced attention. However, in the long run, things can be much worse: the harm done to health becomes more serious. Of particular concern is the tendency to overlook this problem. It often leads to lack of diagnosis.

PrMario Polverino, Director of the Salerno ASL Pneumology and Head of the International Conference on Respiratory Medicine broadly explained the concept that "hypoxia (or lack of oxygen in the internal organism or in one region) Night apnea is a risk factor for cardio-cerebrovascular disease. Those suffering from it are more likely to have arrhythmias, heart attacks, hypertension, heart failure and stroke. "Therefore, due to many other aspects, night apnea treatment is important. Continuing to act in this direction, we begin with polysomnography, a special test that can be done at home, in a clinic or in pharmacies. The exam records breathing flow, heart rate, brain function and many other parameters during sleep.

Night apnea: risk factors

Among the night-time apnea risk factors there is obesity, overweight, smoking, drinking alcohol and taking sleeping pills. Generally, the most affected patients are adult males, but we must also include children (especially if they have enlarged tonsils). Given the warning, serial snorers are warned: they should go to bed for a specialist, as this problem can become very serious.

What is polysomnography?

Inspection risks are minimal and preparation of exams is very simple because it does not provide any special precautions (drinking alcohol and food or drink containing caffeine that can change the results is sufficient for a few hours after the exam). The sleep mode is characterized by two main phases, one after the other repeated several times (4-5 cycles, each of about 90 minutes): a non-fatal phase or Orthodox sleep and a rem-phase or a sleep paradox. only the correct change between these two stages guarantees a peaceful sleep. Polysomnography, of course, is done at night. The device starts recording immediately before sleep. Before sleeping, the patient will only have to use the device for half an hourwhile the device continues to function all night, recording the parameters without interrupting sleep.

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