According to the report, nearly 10,000 people in Ireland will die until 2050, unless anything has been done to prevent the superbugs from increasing resistance to drugs.
These figures are set out in the OECD report entitled Superbug Tide, which suggests that in Europe, North America and Australia, between 2015 and 2050, around 2.4 million people could die because of "superbug infections, unless more is done to stop antibiotic resistance "
It states that Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR), which is the ability of bacteria to resist medicinal products, involves the use of inappropriate antimicrobials, including antibiotics, in human health, agricultural and livestock products and environmental contamination.
The OECD warns that rising levels of AMR specifically pose a threat to the elderly and infants – and that "even small pieces of food in the kitchen, minor operations or diseases such as pneumonia can become life-threatening."
The report warns that superbugs are developing more drug resistance due to the significant increase in antibiotic use since 1980. It was found that, although there is an increasing proportion of consumption in countries such as France and Greece, growth rates are observed in Ireland during this period.
The authors of the study found that on average 17% of the infections were associated with resistant bacteria throughout the OECD. However, this figure varies from one OECD country to another.
Although Ireland has an average of 16.6% on average, only 3.5% of Iceland's infections have caused superbugs resisitance, which is the lowest in the OECD.
The highest proportion of OECD countries was in Turkey, Korea and Greece, where more than a third of the infections were associated with bacterial drug resistance.
Using these figures, the authors estimate that the increased resistance of these diseases will lead to 9,794 deaths in Ireland between 2050 and 40 in Iceland and more than 1 million in the United States.
However, the authors of the report believe that AMR can be prevented through cost-effective measures and said that "three out of four deaths from superbug infections could be eliminated by spending just $ 2 per person per year by taking simple measures such as manual washing and more careful antibiotic recipe ".
"Short-term investments to stop the superbug tide will save lives and money in the long run," the report said.
"Five-way attack on antimicrobial resistance – Promoting better hygiene, stopping antibiotic overwrap, speeding up patients to determine whether they have viral or bacterial infections, delaying antibiotics and mass media campaigns is crucial for the destruction of superbug tides.
"The policy to promote hand washing in order to improve hygiene in healthcare facilities and management programs in health facilities, in 33 countries included in the analysis, could avoid 34,931 to 37,836 deaths a year.
"Other interventions, such as mass media campaigns, the late adoption of prescriptions and rapid diagnostic tests, have a positive, but limited, impact on health," he said.