Saturday , February 27 2021

On November 14, 1971, Mariner 9 becomes the first spacecraft to reach the orbit of Mars



KOMPAS.com – The solar system has a lot of secrets to be revealed. Thousands of stars, planets, comets, and even meteorites decorate the layout of the solar system. Different countries compete to discover the secrets of the universe.

This situation occurred in the 1960s, when the Soviet Union and the United States competed to achieve and find something in space. The competition is often referred to as "space race"It can always find something new and useful to science.

NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) or the US Space Agency has been trying to enter the animals in space and have orbited people, and made a new resolution to identify and observe the surface of other planets.

Today, 47 years ago, on November 14, 1971, a spacecraft from NASA brought it to Mars.

The vehicle, which is part of the Mariner program, is recorded as the first route to Mars observation. This incident has become a record in the space world at that time.

Notification from Forbes, Mariner 9 is a unmanned airplane launched on Mars from Cannaveral, Florida, USA, on May 30, 1971. The vehicle was discovered by its partner Mariner 8.

The goal of Mariner 9 is to spend their "partner" on Mars, but the Mariner 8 spacecraft never fired from Earth's orbit.

Read also: Martian secret increases as you have water without CO2?

Competition

Space Race each contest always has a different color. When NASA launched Mariner, the Soviet Union launched Mars's space race.

However, NASA's efforts succeeded in defeating the Soviet Union. Messages from Mariner 9 Daily arrived at Mars in orbit on November 14, 1971, far away for two other two spacecraft. March 2 arrived about two weeks later, on November 27, 1971, on March 2, followed by Mars 3.

The Mariner 9 mission team has been sent to orbit the computer, waiting to wait until the dust storm crossed the surface of Mars.

In accordance with Kompas Daily On November 15, 1971, Mariner 9 circles the orbit of Mars twice a day and captures images and data on the shape, density, pressure and Mars temperature of the planet, as well as the composition, temperature and topography of the planet.

The picture taken at the start of the Mariner 9 missionNASA The picture taken at the start of the Mariner 9 mission

After successfully reaching its orbit, scientists observed on the ground when the clouds covered Mars and began to reveal Mars's surface shape.

First, a volcano appears, then the landscape is marked by wind and shocking water, then splits into valleys, deep canyons and craters.

Three river bearings are also recorded with the space shuttle that shows ancient water and possibly life on this planet.

Mariner 9 has returned more than 7,000 images from the "Red Planet" and managed to photograph the entire planet. Mariner 9 also sends back images close-up first mars month Transmission expired on October 27, 1972.


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