Sunday , February 28 2021

Photographer Li Zhensheng of the "Cultural Revolution" photo: Tragedy recording is to allow tragedy to repeat itself – Zhang Xiaoxia – Xinbao homepage hkej.com



Li Zhensheng is an internationally renowned Chinese photographer known for photography activities at the Cultural Revolution. He then released reports of praise and deeds. He was ready to take on the risk of his life for the sake of his eternal life, and he wrote the truth to those who did not see the message. Theft under the floor and, finally, to escape the fate of criticism, these negatively unfortunately were not revealed and retained valuable historical evidence.

After a Cultural Revolution has taken place for so many years, various aspects have recently emerged. The past ethics seems to have been restored, but many people still argue that they have to forget to watch the future. Li Zhensheng, who was almost eighteen years old, sighed: "Refused to think and refuse to recognize history. Such a" wait "is very hypocritical and very false. Having been standing yesterday, today will look to stand this morning to see tomorrow if you humiliate the middle part of the Vai not out of context. "

Li Zhensheng was a rare undergraduate student, but he was discriminated against because of this status. "After graduating from college, I will decide when I find a job." At that time, "workers, peasants and soldiers" were widely used. On the contrary, intellectuals were called "three frames without social experience". "If there is a hard job, I will suffer seriously and I can not complain."

At the beginning of the Cultural Revolution, he was also infected with political enthusiasm. He believed in the mass movement and thought he could lift his hat as long as he devoted his loyalty. Two months later, the temple and the church began to break down. He began to think that there was a big problem: "Whether culture is or not, you should know that it is not right." Later, he gradually turned into a culture of arrogance, and he became more and more unable to get used to it, especially those who stratify people based on their level of loyalty.

Front and back photo borders

As a photojournalist to facilitate his work, Li Zhensheng set up the Red Youth Fighting Team in August 1966 and was acknowledged by the Beijing National Revolutionary Revolutionary Revolutionary Guards Headquarters. He received the red-hole of the red corps, but recorded these people. When he exercises, he has sophisticated emotions. "When you see others, you think that the next is the same." Although he is a journalist, his subject is often limited, and the photos he can use are "positive" works. "Positive photographs, filming leaders and parades, singing, dancing and mass exploration. They are the" main tune. "At that time, the" big situation "of songs and dances should be in the media.

Those who have been in the totalitarian government clearly understand the front and back borders. He opened the Red News Corps, explaining one by one, patrolling the streets to show society, shaving heads, church dismantling, wearing big hats, copying homes, turning men, fighting and shooting, completely can not now report.

The reporter asked when someone suffered the other way round? "It can be understood well." He nodded and said.

A photojournalist with a camera was very attractive at that time. It was not easy to make a reverse photo. "It has to be disclosed when a photo was taken." However, since people do not know much about photography, in the same case, he can take photographs of newspapers and shoot. I can not see the message, so they do not know what he's shooting. Performance can not be removed, but some people are invited, all journalists are not included because they could not see the newspaper, he secretly contacted the other side and bought valuable photos.

There are too many people who have died and there have been criminals who sighed: "This world is too dark!" From trial to execution, they refused to open their eyes. They were also recorded by the lens. After that, the deceased face was deeply embedded in his mind and could not be forgotten. When he read these negative writings, he burst into the heart of the deceased, emphasizing that he was only in good faith, hoping that the other side could rest in peace.

Reporters who are "obedient" do not take photos that can not be seen because the lens is also a party gun. "When the party asked you to pick up, from which shots at that time it was said: listening to half the words and the party where the party indicated where to go." The party asked him to shoot, he shot less, but also shot right to see Newspapers, can not be recorded, secretly shot, secretly hidden. What was hidden was the 20,000 negatives that were captured during the most intense battle of the early Cultural Revolution. At that time, the whistling culture was popular, and these negatives were like time bombs.

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Feilins are expensive. He only pays a few dollars for their salary. He can only take pictures with the public. At that time, the distribution system was the achievement of a monthly report, and a film with more than four frames could be awarded over time. It's believed to play a small message. Everything can be destroyed. He took many "meaningless" photographs and was once reported to be a small report and monitored by his bosses. Therefore, he usually waits for newspaper colleagues to work in the dark before they go to work, and then hide in the helpless hidden dark drawer layer, and then place a "useful" photo of Chairman Mao.

In the spring of 1968, Pan Fusheng launched an adversary movement. He began to create a terrible background, especially for those "teenagers" who had entered the newspaper, so he moved the photos in a dark layer to his home. In his early years, he was outraged at the unjust distribution of his work. In his diary, he wrote the words "Do not see Heilundzian and threw the world out without learning English". He was picked up by a newspaper colleague and he became a "betrayal". . He felt he had to "get down", so he secretly kidnapped the floor when he did not see his neighbors, and carefully placed over 20,000 "negative" negatives below the floor, pressing a desk, hoping it would not be revealed.

At that time plastic sheets were not bought. To prevent moisture, he rounded down negatives with the new son's butter paper. Mao Zedong's birthday in December this year was officially won. The field was forwarded from the newspaper to the home. When the red guards searched for the house at home, he stood at the table. Fortunately, these people were only busy looking for the privacy of their wives and wives and did not pay attention to the floor.

Subsequently, they were sent to a remote Liuhe Wuqi School to transform. The work of the countryside was tough and dangerous. He specially found a trusted friend Li Mingdu, told him where the film was buried, and told both of them what was wrong. Save the generation. Although I do not know this negative goal in the future, he is convinced of its value. They've been safe for years. This friend has held his mouth for 37 years. He went to Japan to TV to shoot a documentary and only said it for the first time. .

Pictures are respect for history

At the end of the Cultural Revolution, he also took out the negative, but it is still difficult to display and publish these images. Since 1996, he has been invited to lectures at Harvard University, producing 30,000 unexpected films abroad, and later decided to settle in the United States. These negatives are only visible in the sky. In 2003, Red-Color News Soldier's work on the theme of the Cultural Revolution was revealed. After fifteen years, the Chinese version was published in the Hong Kong University of China press release.

Now that a bend has been made, Chinese-speaking people have repeatedly visited this story. He complained: "It is necessary to bend around. It was said that" the curve saves the country ", but in front of it it can not be done, but a useful curve." At that time he was convinced that it was important to leave "negative" photos.

"When I was studying at a university, my teacher, Wu Yinxian, was very famous, and she once received photos of President Mao and other executives. He said: Photo journalists are not only historic witnesses, but also historical records. It's very good for me. People who went and lived from this age, were only witnesses. Recording so that later people can decide later is a respect for history. "Witnesses can choose to silence or review due to various factors. Memory, delete all that has happened, only the image will not be lying. "There is a picture that is truthful and stronger than words."

Although his youth did not touch too many western theories, he had a great influence on the French photographer Henri Cartier-Bresson. In 1960, China organized a "bourgeois-like exhibition" by criticizing Breson's "crucial moment" theory and his work referring to him as a "representative figure for a school of bourgeois photography", but Li Zhensheng used "reverse thinking". I learned the truth about photography and used it as a type of shooting.

Li Zhensheng is convinced that the shooting moment can not be repeated and that it is not fake. This is the best historical record. "I have a feeling with the camera, and everyone can be a voice recorder." Many years later his collection of photographs was issued. Two photographers, Robert Franck and Bresson, read the initiative to meet, and Bresson saw him rarely. Leave a photo and get a good story.

There were many people who used the photos to record this age, but there were not a lot of people who really left the whole picture, so his work is so expensive. He said that, as most journalists chose to "listen to the party's words," many years later he won the award-winning return to Beijing and re-existed with his former colleagues. They all complained: "We listened to the party words with one heart and one mind, only half the history, you listening to half the words with one heart and two minds, but having a complete history."

When he photographed these works, he had already set up a family. Later, after his son was born, he was also afraid: "It will really disaster, because it is proof of the Cultural Revolution."

Although his wife is his colleague, she does not know that he is shooting something. The film is in the dark layer, not indicating it, even I've been playing it for a long time without putting it. I got to know: is this photo still? "But he still chose to take the risk." If you forget history, you can not look ahead. We have gone through history, we can not forget history, we need to reflect history, we can walk along the road, which is more in line with public opinion and human hearts. The recording of people is that suffering no longer happens. The tragedy itself does not repeat itself. "

Li Zhensheng small file

Year of birth:1940

Place of birth:Dalian

Education:Changchun Film Academy Bachelor

Posted by: Zhang Yuxia

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