Monday , September 20 2021

Pavlopoulos: The Challenges and Challenges of the Four Industrial Revolutions for Greece POLICY



Prokopa Pavlopoulos spoke on the priorities and challenges of the "Four Industrial Revolution" in Greece at the International Conference on "Fair Digital Transition for Flexible Politics" at the International Conference.

The main points of the speech of the President of the Republic are as follows:

I. The Fourth Industrial Revolution, based primarily on the rapid growth of information science and, in particular, artificial intelligence, puts us in front of the "grand dilemma": how we must deal with technology and achievements. I refer, in particular, to the ambiguity of "technology" and "technology" and, ultimately, to the confrontation between the two "camps" "supporters." Confrontation, which, as is often the case, unfortunately occurs in public debate, is conducted without complete and comprehensive knowledge of the whole issue, and thus leads to the expression of extreme opinions, that is, a kind of "manic" approach to this issue.

II. Thus, your first and very significant contribution to the knowledge society (and not only of course) in informing our country would be a clear explanation for the technologies that are expected to secure our fourth industrial revolution for the achievements of the Spirit.

A. In this way, the emergence of wealth of ideas, which forms the scientific environment of today's electronic technology, using algorithm theory, quantum computing, artificial intelligence, etc. The development will help to develop fruitful dialogue. A dialogue that goes beyond the stereotypes supported by conservative "technophobes" on the one hand and unscrupulous supporters from these many years perspectives Alvin Toffler with his book "The Third Wave" on the other.

B. Since, in fact, it is not widely and sufficiently informed about how intelligent and innovative ideas are, what high inspiration of human mind is based on the significant technological advances in information science. It should not be overlooked that there is an exciting "spirituality", apparently "cold electronic technology". Here are two examples to support this statement:

1. First, although I'm not a specialist in these sciences, let me point out that I was struck by John McCormick's book 'The Nine Alterms That Changed the World' study. Among other things, they are presented with "fine" thoughts, which led to the innovative concept of an innovative algorithm that Google uses to measure its results. This algorithm is called PageRank, and in 1998 at a scientific conference Larry Page and Sergey Brin presented them for the first time with their work titled "Large-scale hypertext web search engine anatomy" (i.e., "Anatomy of a large-scale hypertext search engine"). So, the search engine indexing algorithm justified Google's shocking achievement. Achievements that greatly facilitated various aspects of our everyday lives and consist of "how to find fleas in the world's largest barn," according to the loudest subtitle in the second chapter of the book.

2. Secondly, research on the development of quantum computers, which is still at an early stage, repeats, according to some experts, the issue of the basis of quantum mechanics (for example, the so-called quantum measurement problem) and may create new approaches to the development of this technology. For example, this issue is criticized, among other things, by Scott Aaronson, a professor at Computer Science in Austin, Texas, in his Quantum Computing since Democritus Quantum Computing since Democritus Quantum Computing from Democritus Quantum Computing from Democritus Quantum Computing from Democritus, ) In this regard, we see that technology is not only the application of basic research, but also sometimes creates conditions and provides "tools" for the opening of new paths, new methods for solving issues relating to fundamental research itself. And this should not be forgotten. Indeed, this interesting "recycling" also brings up a philosophical reflection on basic questions – for example, about causation, place, time and space – that generates laconic senses and positive sciences.

III. In view of the above-mentioned thoughts on the "spirituality" of modern electronic technologies, I would particularly like to mention the so-called Fourth Industrial Revolution and the economic and social consequences that are expected. Indeed, the second and main contribution of this conference to the relevant public debate would be to highlight the great potential that the Fourth Industrial Revolution can bring to our country's economic development, even after it, but at the same time to highlight the extremely negative consequences that this could have on the labor market , the prevalence of wealth and, therefore, the structure of social structure. To this end, I propose the following considerations:

A. All the most complete, at least I know, achievements of the fourth industrial revolution, as well as the negative effects that need to be addressed, have to be presented by Center Professors and Staff at MIT Digital Business, Eric Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee in the book The Second Machine Age, entitled Greek was "The Wonderful New Age of New Technology." Their research, which resulted in extensive discussions with scientists, technologists and entrepreneurs, produced unforgettable results, of which the following is an example for me:

B. The "second era of machinery", both of which did not correspond to the "first machine age", the 18th century industrial revolution, which, according to the terminology followed by other scientists, but also the current congress, the so-called "first three industrial revolutions", have "three main characteristics : it is exponential, digital and combined. " Specifically:
1. Exponential progress is evidenced by the striking improvement in engine computing power, as the Moore Act seems to have been approved, which generally provides a doubling of 18 months.
2. Gradually digitizing the most available data, which reduces their costs.
3. Finally, there is an evident increase in combined and improved quality combined technology innovation (for example, in the daily banking sector, we see the increasing impact of the introduction of digital machine connectivity, the to-Machine technology).
C. However, as the authors of the aforementioned book, "The wonderful age of new technologies", despite the significant progress made in the field of artificial intelligence over the past decade, researchers in this field have not yet "denied" the "Moravec paradox" (from Hansa Moravec's name, pioneering robotics and professor at Carnegie and Mellon University), formulated in the 1980s. According to this paradox: "It's relatively easy for computers to have enough intelligence tests or chess games, but it's difficult or impossible for them to learn the old skills in terms of senses and motor skills"

IV. It is worth emphasizing that the results of the technical and scientific development undertaken by the Fourth Industrial Revolution directly affect socio-economic development in most countries, especially technologically and economically developed, but not limited to them.

A. The leaps and bounds of information science and technology use lead to the disappearance of some professions, resulting in structural unemployment or otherwise – "technological unemployment", which was called John Ma & # 39; nard Kings. In addition, it seems that the application of new technologies sometimes leads to the discovery of a dangerous income gap, given, for example, that average household income in the United States has been steadily declining since 1999 despite GDP growth. Taking this into consideration, the recent book by Noah Harar, "The 21st lesson of the 21st Century," which states that modern liberal democracy, once a form of representative democracy, is definitely more compatible with the nature of the human system, there is of course no major danger. the literal use of man, but his marginalization. In which he has been driven out of the unpredictable technological development from forced exodus from the "labor market" and, hence, in the sphere of personality building that protects his value and the free development of his personality.

B. Therefore, special precaution is needed in order to anticipate similar situations in our country and more generally in Europe by developing appropriate policies to ensure a balanced digital integration of our society and our economy in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. What kind of future policy will be suitable for employment, in which culture we rely on the success of successive generations in the new challenges, and what kind of redistribution of justice can we achieve in the context of a social justice policy in the context of our outstanding achievements in our European legal and political culture – are the critical and unnecessary issues that we are serious about Thinking through technocratic knowledge, along with careful elaboration of a future that does not last long, the CVIS.

C. Indeed, let me repeat the bulk, despite the fear that I might become tired, that we must protect the country of social justice, especially in Europe, as well as the economic and technological development that may result in making it harder to continue to operate. The Nazi and fascist forms that are being developed in today's Europe teach us that we must always be careful. The causes of these remains must be eliminated and reminded of the terrors of the Second World War. We must defend social justice and solidarity. Why, by protecting social justice and solidarity, the causes that lead to a social structure and lead to human poverty will be eliminated and eliminated.
To sum up, in the end, I believe that, in cooperation with our partners in the large families of the countries that make up the European Union, we can use the technologies of the Fourth Industrial Revolution to develop policies that extend freedoms and individual initiatives on the other, they will continue and more securely safeguard social justice. and solidarity on our continent. We owe it to the generations of the Greeks and other Europeans who come to us.


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