World Health Week in favor of antibiotics from 12 to 18 November Public Health France publishes " Antibiotic Consumption and Antibiotic Resistance in France: Avoiding Infection, It is a Preserved Antibiotic ! », Its annual synthesis on this topic.
The environment for the first time bacterial resistance to antibiotics is raised.
As part of fight against antimicrobial resistanceNational authorities have taken several action plans. Health insurance also works in prevention campaigns.
If success is noted, efforts must be continued.
Antimicrobial resistance is estimated to cause 12,500 deaths each year in France
The study reveals thatantibiotic resistance In France, nearly 12,500 people per year are killed and this could be one of the leading causes of death in the world. Several reasons can be identified:
- Abuse and abuse excessive use of antibiotics, which in particular leads to the formation of resistant genes
- Contact person to person or via animal
- Environmental contamination (microplastics, etc.) to help serve as a reservoir and / or amplifier for the distribution of these resistant strains or global warming
Anti-microbial resistance plans: some positive results
In France, several action plans were implemented as part of fight against antimicrobial resistance :
- Reducing unnecessary or inappropriate antibiotic prescriptions: Monitoring health insurance plans is evidence of antibiotic prescriptions up to 7% in adults aged 16-65, with the exception of long-term illness (TBD) and children. With regard to consumptionantibiotic, a significant reduction was observed at the beginning of 2000 (-19% in the urban population in 1999-2006 and -26% in health care facilities)
- Intervention by rapporteurs antibiotic these professionals have the skills needed to make the most of their use antibiotic. They can share their experiences with other healthcare professionals, avoid unacceptable antibiotic use or write protocols. antibiotic treatment large infections, etc.
- Rapid Angina Diagnostic Tests: Confirm or confirm that angina is a bacterium. The use of these tests remains to be strengthened, then only one quarter of the general ones are used
In addition, public health in France insists that efforts to fight against bacterial resistance to antibiotics attention should also be paid to the environmental problem.