According to the World Health Organization (WHO) report published on 1 January 2006, Turkey has the highest levels of antibiotic use with more than 38 daily doses (DDDs) per 1,000 people in Europe, with an average antibiotic consumption of almost 17.9 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day. November 12th
The report, entitled "Report on the Monitoring of the Consumption of Antibiotics", revealed that Mongolia's total antibiotic and pharmacological consumption was the highest among all the countries surveyed – 64.41 DDD / 1000 people.
According to WHO data, the substage of beta-lactam antibacterial agents was the highest in Greece and Turkey: 8.0 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day and 12.4 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants per day, respectively using proportions of 24% and 33%, respectively.
The big difference in the use of antibiotics around the world suggests that some countries are likely to use excessive antibiotics while others may not have sufficient access to this life-saving medicine, said the report, adding that the WHO European region was almost four times the difference between the lowest – and the highest in the region country of consumption.
"Overuse of antibiotics and abuse are the main causes of antimicrobial resistance. Without effective antibiotics and other antimicrobials, we will lose the ability to treat common infections, such as pneumonia," said Suzanne Hill, director of the WHO Department of Basic Medicines and Health Products.
"The results of this report confirm the need for urgent measures, for example, to implement only prescription policies to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics," she added.
In a 2017 report, WHO suggested that antibiotic consumption in Turkey is among the highest in the WHO European Region and the use of antibiotics is one of the main drivers of antimicrobial resistance.
According to this observation, the OECD's 7 November report warned that antibiotic resistance is greatest among the OECD countries in Turkey.
"The average resistance ratio in Turkey, Korea and Greece [about 35 percent] were seven times higher than in Iceland, the Netherlands and Norway, in the lowest countries [about 5 percent], "Marked in the report.
At least one of the three medical prescriptions in Turkey contains antibiotics, member of the Board of the Turkish Clinical Microbiology and Epidemiological Association (KLİMIK) last October.
Professor Dr. Önder Ergönüll warned that immune systems are increasingly adapting to higher doses of antibiotics.
"Turkey is the main consumer of antibiotics in the OECD countries," Ergönül said, adding that new infections are caused by immune systems against all types of antibiotics.
In order to address this growing problem, the Turkish authorities have implemented a number of integrated interventions with the WHO guidelines and support identified by the WHO in its 2017 publication.
"The Turkish Ministry of Health supports hand hygiene to prevent AMR. A new electronic prescription system has been developed to monitor and control the use of antibiotics. The system tracks prescription data and provides feedback to doctors." Turkey is one of the countries that has introduced AMR surveillance in Europe " said in a report.