The World Health Organization (WHO) has published a roadmap to improve the physical health of adults with severe mental disorders, such as bipolar disorder, schizophrenia and moderate to severe depression.
In a statement, WHO said that adults with severe mental disorders usually have a life expectancy of 10 to 20 years shorter than the rest of the population.
According to the WHO's new guidelines, it is intended to help people with severe mental disorders with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis and hepatitis B and C, and people with addiction to tobacco, alcohol or other substances and / or overweight.
The international organization clarifies that most of the premature deaths are due to the fact that most patients do not have comprehensive health care services, tests and treatment to improve their physical and mental health.
This guide offers several suggestions for lifestyle changes, such as healthier diets, increased physical activity and smoking cessation, psychosocial support, and medications, taking into account potential interactions between different medicines in health conditions. mental and physical
The WHO also recommends individual healthcare interventions, adaptations to health systems and actions that can be taken at Community level.
The WHO Handbook is intended primarily for healthcare workers who provide services for people with severe mental disorders at all levels: primary health care facilities, specialized centers and hospitals.
"Training for healthcare workers, the delivery of appropriate medicines and the adaptation of health information systems to collect data on the use of the service should be implemented if they have not yet been established," stresses the WHO.
In the broader social context, WHO suggests considering strategies that generally involve the public, such as peer support and family and stigma programs. "To assess the impact and usefulness of these guidelines and identify areas where improvements are needed, WHO collects periodic information from national health ministries," the agency says.