Sunday , March 26 2023

There are mutants among us: 5 genetic mutations that make you too human


Today is 10:48

Scientific fiction is filled with superheroes with supernatural gifts. But the truth is that some ordinary people also have special powers, and often they do not know it.

It's about the genetic benefits that a very small part of the population has.

These benefits arise from the gene mutation, the natural process that changes our DNA.

Like some inherited genetic diseases, others have greater luck and genetic heritages that give them unusual abilities.

Here, we will show you five examples of some of the benefits that you might have due to your genes.

1. Perfect underwater vision

Most of us see everything fuzzy if we open our eyes when we immerse ourselves in the water.

This is due to the physics problem: the density of the water is similar to that of the eye fluid, and the refracted light can not enter the eye well.

Therefore, people can usually only see when we face the air.

But there is one exception: Moken, people living in the Andaman Sea, are the Indian Ocean sector between Burma and Thailand.

This tribe is known as "gypsy from the sea", because it spends most of the year in water or boat livelihood and only goes to land to accumulate stocks.

If you are trained to genes, you can see crystal clear water.

It is believed that this genetic mutation appeared because Moken spent a lot of time underwater, collecting food from the seabed and fishing on the seabed.

A scientific study published in the 2003 Journal of Current Biology revealed that the genetic mutation of the pupil causes the eye to change its shape under the water.

This allows the light to hit the eye correctly, allowing it to be clearly seen, even to dip over 20 meters below the water.

2. Adherence to cold

Another genetic advantage that has been observed in some indigenous peoples is the ability to withstand low temperatures.

The human body has a normal temperature range between 36.5 and 37.5 ℃. Therefore, most people are better equipped to deal with the harsh climatic conditions than the cold climate.

Ordinary body can not withstand extreme cold. However, there are some populations that have this power due to their specific genes.

People, such as Inuit, who live in the Arctic or the Nevada, who live in the north of Russia, have adapted to frost temperatures.

Their bodies react differently to the cold, because they are biologically different from the rest.

For example, they are not chills from the cold, they have less sweat glands, their skin is much warmer than usual, and their metabolism is much higher.

These skills are purely genetic: if you move to the middle of the North Pole and have been living there for decades, you will not get the incredible human capabilities that make those mutations.

3. Less sleep time

One skill that you might have, without belonging to any tribe, is to work well with less sleep hours than usual.

Several studies have shown that most people need to change from 7 to 9 hours to feel relaxed.

Less sleep can lead to concentration and health problems, both physical and mental.

However, in a study conducted with twins in 2014, the American Academy of Sleep Medicine found that there is a genetic mutation that allows some people to have less sleep hours.

People with oral DEC2 gene have the ability to be more intense on REM sleep, which makes it more effective for them to relax.

With 6 hours of sleep or less, you feel totally rested and ready to face the day.

However, experts explain that this mutation affects a very small part of the population – less than 1% of those reporting a small sleep.

So, if you sleep a little and you think that you will be well, because maybe you have a genetic mutation, most likely that this is not the case, and you need more resting hours.

4. Heavier bones

This advantage seems to come from a superhero comic. A person can be called "a man or a woman with strong bones".

Most of our skeletons lose weight and bone mass when we become older. It's called osteoporosis and can cause bone fractures and deformities.

But there are some people who have a gene mutation, called SOST, which controls the protein sclerostin that regulates and controls bone growth.

Research and research, which was researched by researchers at the Chiroscience research and development in Bothell, Washington, revealed that those who do not have this mutation lose their bone mass.

Their bones continue to accumulate density and mass over time, giving them a much younger skeleton of a person.

This mutation was found in some people of Afrikaner origin, as a known Dutch-born population living in South Africa.

Now scientists are looking for ways to repeat this mutation so that other people can change skeletal aging.

5. Adjusting the heights

The Andean communities call it "Soroko", and anyone who suffered it will simply not forget it. This is a discomfort that feels in oxygen at high altitude.

This height sickness or mountain sickness usually causes dizziness, low pressure, headache and breathing problems.

There are many tricks that we advise you to avoid: move slowly, eat a little bit without much effort, chewing on the tree. Some use medicine. But the truth is that even so many fall in "apunados".

However, this is not a problem affecting the populations living in the mountains.

Studies conducted with the Himalayan Andean and Tibetan Quechua studies showed that they have a genetic advantage that allowed them to adapt to their environment.

Their torsos are bigger and have more lung power, which allows them to incorporate more oxygen with every inspiration.

And while most people produce more red blood cells, if their body receives little oxygen, they produce less.

These properties persist even when these populations move to the lower spots because they are part of their genes.

Perhaps this mutation officially does not make them "superheroes", but rather more than a tourist who is struggling with the rise of a hill in the red race and takes up a place that goes up – sometimes carrying several bags – of course, he believes that they have a great power .

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