Men develop about one percent of breast cancer, more often – from 60 to 70 years. Usually the same thing is revealed by the same patient, because in his chest he finds some anomalies that make him consult a doctor. For men, the first consultation usually takes place with a clinician, who, after review, indicates progress (tomography, mammography, laboratory analysis, consultation with a mastologist). Dr. Valeria El Haj explains PáginaI12: "There is a lot to talk about breast cancer for women, and this is very good, because it is what causes more women to die. But men have almost no talk about breast cancer, and that's very bad. that the incidence is small, about one percent of the patients are male, but that's why the diagnosis and treatment are gradually achieved when the tumors are very advanced, and then the prediction becomes complicated. "
The symptoms leading to a male doctor's consultation are the same as women's data: breast mass or thickening, or close to or in the arterial lymph nodes, change in breast size or shape (especially if one breast is different), chills or wrinkles on the skin , if the nipple is turned inward, a fluid that comes out of the nipple (especially if it has blood), ulcers, red or swollen skin on the chest, nipple or arola (dark area of the skin around the nozzle), breast chest is similar to orange peel skin (orange peel skin). "The problem with the lack of breast cancer in men is the delay in starting treatment. There are patients who have been advising dermatologists with breast skin problems for several years, and none of the doctors saw this possibility and treated them as patients with some type of dermatitis. In fact, there is already a breast a cancerous skin metastasis, "insisted El Haj.
And how is it diagnosed? "Exactly the same as for women: through mammography and breast ultrasound, these are two complementary studies aimed at indicating or not posting a biopsy. The tissue analysis provides the only exact confirmation of whether or not there is cancerous tissue. And from this you can see what is a way forward, "said the doctor. It's rare to think of mammography in the middle of a man (you have to install a breast car that is slightly suppressed and obtains an internal tissue image with X-rays), but nature is clever … and El Hay tells: "Men over 60 years old, very large men Breast cancer, at this height, the development of fat tissue greatly allows mammograms. Of course, not all of the cuts are cancer, and it's not about panicking and starting to ask mammograms for everyone. So you have to beware of the risk factors. "Many overweight men develop fatty chest accumulations , called gynecomastia. This problem promotes tumor formation.
The most important factor to consider is family history: "Patients with cancer in their family are likely to suffer from the disease. Remember that they are most likely, this does not mean that you will inevitably have cancer. But you need to know and if Having a symptom takes it into account to diagnose or eliminate it as soon as possible and start treatment. "
Other factors are hormonal changes, because the superiority of estrogen predisposes tumor formation. Liver problems such as cirrhosis (which causes an increase in estrogen since the liver can not metabolize it) and thyroid problems also increase chances. And, of course, ordinary, like smoking, alcoholism, overweight, obesity. "You should not leave testicular problems, such as orchids (inflammation of the testicles), or any other discomfort or damage. In these cases, you must fully examine the causes in addition to the symptoms," the doctor added. And he insisted: "You do not have panic, it's about testing and controlling the risk factors. Talk to your doctor as soon as symptoms appear. Particular attention should be paid to family history and should be done by physicians who are advised to be alerted. The onset of an attack on chemotherapy, Radiotherapy and / or surgery (full or partial) have the same survival options as women. What changes the difference is early diagnosis, because it greatly improves the chances of a problem being taken on time. "