Tuesday , March 21 2023

Harassment and violence at work increase the risk of cardiovascular disease UNIVERSAL


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People who are being persecuted or atrocized are at greater risk of developing cardiovascular blood vessels, including heart attack and stroke, according to a prospective study that analyzes this link published in the "Heart of Europe" magazine.

Although the study is observable and therefore it can not be shown that intimidation or workplace violence leads to cardiovascular problems, only the association exists, researchers say their results are robust and have significant implications for employers. and national governments.

The research director of the Danish doctorate student at the University of Copenhagen, Tianwei Xu, points out: "If there is a causal link between intimidation or violence at work and cardiovascular disease, the eradication of intimidation would mean that we could avoid 5 percent of all cardiovascular diseases and eliminate violence at work more than 3 percent of all cases. "

The researchers analyzed data from 79,201 males and females working in Denmark and Sweden aged 18-65 without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) who participated in three studies that began between 1995 and 2011. Participants have been following since

When they joined the research, participants were asked about harassment and violence at the workplace and how often they experienced them. Information on cardiovascular disease and deaths was obtained from national registries.

Xu and his colleagues also believed that other factors that could or did not affect participants with cardiovascular disease (CVD), such as body mass index (BMI), alcohol use, smoking, psychiatric disorders and other existing health conditions, work change and occupation.

9 per cent reported that they were being persecuted and 13 per cent reported having experienced violence or threat to violence at the workplace last year. After adjusting data by age, gender, birth, marital status and educational level, researchers found that those at risk of being harassed (or at risk of violence) had a risk that they had 59 and 25 CVD versus humans who are not subject to intimidation or violence.

The more intimidating or violent suffered, the greater the risk of CVD. Compared to people who have not been harassed, people who report having been harassed frequently (which means that they are harassed almost daily) has increased by 120%, while those who are more likely to be subjected to violence at work , there was a 36% higher risk of cerebrovascular disease (such as stroke) than those who did not suffer from violence. However, there seems to be no corresponding increase in heart disease.

"Workplace intimidation and workplace violence are different social stressors at work, while only 10-14 percent of people are exposed to at least one and the same time suffer from each other. These stressors are associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the form of a dose response, in other words, because the greater is the obedience to intimidation or violence, the greater the risk of cardiovascular disease, explains Xu.

And he continues: "From this study, we can not conclude that there is a causal relationship between work harassment or workplace violence and cardiovascular disease, but we provide empirical evidence to substantiate this causation, especially considering the True Biological Way, which is one one of the main stressors in the workplace and cardiovascular disease, is based on the trend of dose response and the persistence of results in various sensitivity analyzes. The school's research on violence and harassment would be very unethical, and therefore our study is the best evidence of this association. "


"The impact of harassment and violence on cardiovascular disease in the general population is comparable to other risk factors such as diabetes and alcohol, which highlight workplace violence and workplace violence in relation to cardiovascular disease prevention," he adds.

"It is important to avoid intimidation in the workplace and workplace violence, as they are important people who are subject to stress, and it is also important to implement policies to interfere in the face of intimidation or violence."

Researchers are currently analyzing what behavioral and biological mechanisms may be associated with an increased risk of sertralisation in people who are suffering from harassment or violence at the workplace. These experts believe that high blood pressure could be involved because it is known that intense stress can increase blood pressure.

In addition, harassment and violence can lead to anxiety and depression, which in turn can lead to overeating and excessive consumption of alcohol. Changes in metabolism could also be involved.

Other interesting findings of the investigation are the fact that intimidation at work was mainly carried out by colleagues (79%), not by people outside the organization (21%), but violence or threats from violence are mostly from people outside the organization (91%), rather than from inside ( 9 percent).

This, combined with the fact that people who are most likely to be subjected to workplace violence are unlikely to receive heart disease, suggests that workers may have received training on how to deal with the violence they face from their jobs and may be better prepared to face and prevent long-term effects.

Research limits include the fact that intimidation and violence at the workplace were measured only once; that the study was carried out in the Scandinavian countries where the concepts of intimidation and violence in the workplace have been introduced, which means that efforts should be made to extrapolate results to other countries and cultures; and that information such as smoking without smoking (such as snus), personality traits, genetic factors and other stressors (eg marital conflict) are not available.

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