Monday , October 18 2021

What tests help to detect cancer early?



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Cancer prevention and early diagnosis are essential for reducing disease risk.

At least one third of all cancers can be prevented by avoiding exposure to various risk factors, according to the World Health Organization.

In case of illness, early diagnosis is required using medical tests to determine the treatment as soon as possible. The Spanish Association Against Cancer (AECC) recalls that cancer does not manifest itself in the first stages, asymptomatic.

Various tests that can be performed by age to detect or prevent cancer, according to Aegon Medical Manager Alvar Ocano, they are vaccinations, mammography, or blood tests.

WOMEN WITH 50 YEARS OF AGE

1. Vaccination against human papillomavirus. This is done for girls at the age of 12.

2. Cervical cytology every three years for women from the age of 25 years. After the age of 30, it can be done every five years if it is used with a human papillomavirus test.

3. Obstetrics and gynecology. Annual gynecological review of breast cancer prevention.

4. Breast self-study from the age of 25 years. "Breast self-testing should be normal for all women, although we must keep in mind that packages that can be identified need not be malignant, it is important to go to a specialist to diagnose them," Ocano said.

WOMEN FROM 50 YEARS OLD

1. Mammography. After 50 years, there is an increased risk of cancer, so it is ideal to maximize self-control and get your doctor on the slightest suspicion of one-off chest. A mammogram is recommended every two years. In Spain, breast cancer screening programs for women aged 50-69 are carried out in all autonomous communities using annual mammography.

2. Cervical cytology every three years up to 65 years.

3. Ultrasound, feedback and blood tests to diagnose ovarian cancer. "In the case of ovarian cancer, if an early diagnosis is reached, the survival rate increases exponentially. The cause of this tumor remains unknown, and therefore its early detection is more complex," Orcano said. "Among the symptoms that can warn us are stomach problems, pelvic pain, back pain and dicultad," the expert is armed.

Men from 50 years of age

PSA blood tests to detect prostate cancer. The determination of PSA is done by performing a blood test measuring the amount of protein produced by the prostate. Since the prostate specific antigen is an acronym in English, it is a protein produced in the prostate gland. For most men without prostate cancer, PSA levels are less than 4 nanograms per milliliter of blood.

Increasing PSA levels increase the likelihood of prostate cancer. However, a level below 4 does not guarantee that a person does not have cancer. "If we look at the frequency, prostate cancer is the equivalent of a woman's breast cancer, although it is much less visible to the media in Spain," the expert said. 2. Urology. Prevention of prostate cancer in people over 45 years of age using counseling, special laboratory tests and other additional tests if they are necessary and not necessary for admission.

65 years old

The risk of cancer gradually increases with age. In fact, according to data from AECC, 61% of new cancer diagnoses in Spain are found in people over 65, both women and men. "At the age of 65, we need to take precautionary measures and increase the frequency of inspections," recommended Dr.

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