MADRID, 30 November (EUROPA PRESS) –
According to the ordinance of the San Juan de Dios Hospitaller, Alvaro Pico's nutrition disorder (ED), Director of the Señora de la Paz Clinic, has 3-5 percent of adolescents or young people. .
The expert points out that when it comes to TCA, there is a tendency to think of anorexia nervosa and, to a lesser extent, bulimia nervosa. "However, the most common illness, although society is less involved and excluded from diagnoses in psychiatric guides, is obesity," he says.
Pico KPN is defined as "a disorder that can affect women of all ages (more often women) of any age (albeit more seasonal) that interfere with an individual's diet and nutrition, as well as in his relationship with the world in the broad psychosocial field, which occurs at a psychological level, without medical problems, which is the initial or sole cause of its development. "
The professor warns that "although the problem is related to food or weight changes, it overestimates the problem of food, it is a psychological problem and therefore needs to be addressed in such an integral way." "There is no food, and it is not
if this is the only focus, then all problems in the psychosocial sphere will be the goal of intervention, rather than promoting and helping to adapt to food and nutrition, "he adds.
Álvaro Pico reiterates that, if one knows the seriousness of the disease, the intervention and recovery of these patients (only about 10-20% of them are usually a chronic illness) and how the complex nature of the disease can and can deal in the first contact (not the matter of weight or trying to control it), "you can intervene earlier and more effectively."
Although it affects people of any age, the appearance of these disorders is more common in adolescents. Historically, 9 out of 10 cases were reported to be female, but there was an increase in male gender progression. There is no direct relationship with the social context or a specific level of study.
"We can not talk about certain specific causes, but the risk factors for their manifestation, such as biological (predisposition among affected relatives), psychological (other mental disorders such as emotional disturbances, personality, anxiety, substance abuse, impulse control, and personality profile with more rigor, perfectionism, low self-esteem, human problems with food, etc.), family factors (family history of mental disorders, as well as emotional, and alcohol and other drug use). Behavior on foods, obesity and intra-familial problems: family leaks , family too much protection with high demand) or stressful life events (history of violence, physical or sexual nature, life crisis, complex duelies), "he says.