According to a report published on Wednesday, climate change and the increase in temperature it can cause can increase the number of children born with heart problems in the US in the next two decades.
A study by the American Heart Association (AHA) warns that high temperatures can cause around 7,000 additional congenital heart defects in 11 years.
The study was published in the specialized magazine Open Access, AHAand covers the countries of Arkansas, California, North Carolina, Georgia, Iowa, New York, Texas and Utah.
Anxiety about the health effects of climate change
"Our conclusions point to the alarming impact of climate change on human health and underline the need to improve preparedness for the upcoming growth"Said Shao Lin, Professor of Public Health School. T University of Albania New York and author of the study.
The resulting numbers are based on "Predictions on the number of births from 2025 to 2035 in the United States and the projected increase in average maternal heat exposure in various regions as a result of global climate change", explains the report.
The researchers used the calculations of temperature increases developed by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and the Goddard Space Research Institute, as well as other studies that assessed the effects of exposure on heat and congenital defects. from 1997 to 2007.
The study predicted data taking into account the historical number of days of excessive heat as well as the frequency and duration of extreme temperature events in the studied areas.
To prevent CHD cases a "A complex condition that often requires care and supervision throughout life", the study suggests "Prudent Women in the First Week of Pregnancy to Avoid Extreme Heat".
"It is important that our doctors advise pregnant women and all those planning to become pregnant about the importance of avoiding extreme heat, especially three to eight weeks after conception, which is a critical pregnancy period."concluded Lin. EFEverde