MADRID, December 13 (EUROPA PRESS) –
Genetic factors influence the prevalence of multiple sclerosis (MS); In fact, the level of harmonization between monozigotic twins is between 20 and 35 percent, and the frequency of family members varies from 3 to 23 percent in various studies, according to Dr. Francisco Gilo, neurologist at the Nuestra Señora del Rosario Hospital, Madrid Graduate Neuroscience Institute (Ineamad).
Taking into account the national day of illness, which will take place on Tuesday, 18 December, the expert addresses some of the key issues affecting the MS, a disease affecting twice as many women than men, with an average age ranging from 30 to 30 in a relapsing remitting variant (most often ) and advanced primary 39-41 years.
In the event of a second cause of disability (after injury) in patients between the ages of 20 and 40, this inflammatory disorder of the nervous system in Spain affects 47,000 people, according to data on multiple sclerosis in Spain. Its origin is not known, although the "most acceptable theory" is that the disease begins as an inflammatory autoimmune disorder.
"In order to support a possible autoimmune base in MS, some studies have shown that patients with this condition are more likely to have other autoimmune disorders," says Gilo. Environmental factors also play an "important" role. "We are talking here about virus infections, geographic area and birth place, sun exposure and vitamin D levels," says an expert.
The expert recalls that after diagnosis it is "essential" to start treatment as soon as possible, because "30 percent of patients who do not receive it are known to diagnose after 25-30 years." "With the achievements of the last two decades, it is possible to reduce the number of patients with the proportion of disability, "he remembers.
In addition, as recommended by this neurologist, it is advisable to lead a healthy lifestyle, such as moderate physical exercise, healthy eating and stress management, as "it allows the body to be in the best position to reduce the potential damage that can lead to the disease "" Everything is encouraging, especially now that, thanks to advancements, patients do not need to significantly change their rhythm of life, "says Ineamad specialist.