Geneva: In some countries antibiotics are used much more than in other countries, a World Health Organization study released on Monday (November 12th) suggests the need for urgent action to reduce unnecessary drug use.
The "World Health Organization report on antibiotic consumption monitoring" addressed the use of antibiotics in 65 countries and found that 9.78 daily doses (DDD) per 1000 people were used in the Netherlands, but doubled in the United Kingdom, and Turkey almost doubled – 38.18 DDD per 1000 inhabitants.
Iran's consumption was similar to Turkey, but Mongolia's highest was the number of polling countries – 64.41 DDD per 1,000 people.
Data collection is very important for addressing antimicrobial resistance, and an extremely alarming trend in bacterial infections becomes immunity to antibiotics, the report said.
"The results of this report confirm the need for urgent measures, for example, to implement a prescriptive policy only to reduce the unnecessary use of antibiotics," said the statement that Suzanne Hill, Director of the Department of Basic Medicines and Health Products. .
The lowest was Burundi, with only 4.44 DDD / 1,000 people, for which the WHO stated that limited data was available. A low figure could also indicate that consumption is too low and people are at risk of infectious diseases.
The survey also looked at the types of antibiotics used, and some countries – Italy, Spain and Japan – used relatively expensive drugs, which, according to the WHO, should be reserved.
Last year, the WHO introduced a grading system stating that penicillin-type medicines were advocated as the first line of defense and that other drugs included in the reserve list were the last resort and should only be used if absolutely necessary.
In Italy, 2% of the daily consumption of antibiotics was in the "reserve" category, four times higher than in Germany and more than six times higher than in the United Kingdom, where only 0.3 percent of the drugs were those intended for use in the latter case.
Japan's total antibiotic consumption – 14.19 DDD per 1,000 inhabitants – was about half of South Korea, while Japan's consumption of 1.1% was in the "reserve" category, which exceeded 0.2 percent in South Korea.
The United States, China and India were not included in the survey countries.