OUT from this world | Season Skywatching – A preview of what to look for in the night sky next season
Meteorologist / science writer
Thursday, 29 November 2018, at noon 20.21 – As the day grows cooler and the nights get longer, winter is approaching! Here are the top SkyVatching events from 2018 to 2019. For the winter, as well as some enhancements to keep your attention also.
Winter may not be the easiest season from which to star, but it can be the most rewarding one.
Clear winter nights are often the best view compared to other seasons, as the air flow is usually dry and stable. Stars, planets, and the Moon are clearer and cleaner, because their light faces less shock in the air before it reaches us. The dry air also reflects fewer light pollution from our city centers, which means that our skies tend to be darker, allowing more stars and larger meteors to be seen during the annual meteor shower.
So stay warm when you're going to come to heaven next season and do not miss out on these great events.
• December 22 – the longest full month of 2018
• January 3 – Earth's perihelion
• 3-4. January – the quadrant meteor shower
• January 20-21 – Super Blood Wolf Moon Total Lunar Eclipse
• February 21 – zodiac light after evening dusk, west sky for two weeks
• March 20th – Equinox
• Bonus – Links and Matches (January 22 – February 27)
DECEMBER 22 – GENERAL MONTH OF 2018
This year, in December Full Cold Moon falls into Chapter 22 at night, only one night after the longest night of the night.
Moon will rise at noon this night. 5:00. local time and it will be set to at 8:32 pm 23 in the morning, so that the total time of the full moon is 15 hours and 32 minutes!
This is the longest month all year round!
We have not seen that the full moon lasts since December 2010 (when it was in the sky for 15 hours and 54 minutes from the 20th to the 21st)!
January 3 – LAND PERIHELION
This event has not much to see. Instead, it's something just an experience, because the Earth goes through what is known as perihelion.
Earth traveling on the sun does not track the perfect circle. It actually follows the elliptical path.
This means that even if we usually use the average distance from 1 "astronomical unit" of the sun or 1 "AU", which is equal to 150 million kilometers, at some points in its orbit Earth is closer to the Sun and others indicate it is farther.
In this Earth's orbit, the schematic exaggerates the orbital elliptical shape and the relative size of the earth, moon, and sun. Credit: NASA
Every year, January 3rd or around, Earth reaches its nearest point toward the Sun. It's called perihelion.
If you want to mark the exact moment, stop a short break at night, at noon. 5:20 UTC, January 3.
• February 1 at January 3 Newfoundland Standard Time
• 1:20 pm January 3, Atlantic Standard Time
• 12:20 pm January 3 East Standard Time
11:20 pm January 2, Central Standard Time
10:20 pm January 2nd Mountain standard time
9:20 pm January 2, Pacific Standard Time
Will you feel something if this happens? Not exactly from an astronomical event, but it's still quite nice to celebrate the moment it's happening.
3-4. January – QUADRANTID METEOR SHOW PACKS
The best of the winter meteor shower is right after New Years – quadrangles.
The location of the quadrant radiation on the night of January 3, 2019. Credit: Stellarium / Scott Sutherland
Unlike the 2018 Quadrantid shower, which is mostly erased by a very bright, almost full moon, this year's meteor shower, until the moon is just a thin, crescent tick that approaches the eyes shortly after the sunset.
This means that the whole night will be a nice dark sky, and observers are best off to catch even the weaker meteor that flashes through the sky 3-4.
The quadrangles originating from an asteroid, known as the 2003 EH1 (possibly missing from the comet), are just one of the two well-known meteor shower gates originating from the rocky body (Gemini in December). Both of these meteor shower screens are equipped with great screens also with Quadrantids, with an average of 120 meteors per hour (although the actual rate can vary from about 60 to close to 200)!
HOW TO SEE METEOR SHOWER
The first thing to keep in mind when planning to watch an amusement shower is to keep up with the weather.
Be sure to check the Weather Network using TV, our website or our app to make sure you have the latest forecast.
Next, you should avoid city lights, and the further you can get the better.
Watch out: What kind of light pollution affects City views on Milky Way
In most Canadian regions, getting out of light pollution is just a matter of driving outside the city, town or village. However, some areas, such as the southwest and central part of Ontario and along the St Lawrence River, have a very high concentration of light pollution. Unfortunately, getting to a distance far from the same city in order to avoid its light pollution, unfortunately, it seeks to put you in the city of the future city of light pollution. These areas have dark spots in the sky, but in the dark sky, it's best to have the skywatcher control the northern parts.
Once you have confirmed that you will have clear sky and you have escaped from the city's light pollution, stay somewhere safe and darker (provincial parks, even if you are just at the parking lot, are usually a great place).
In order to watch the best possible weather for the most possible meteor, it is very important that you give your eyes time to adapt to the dark. Between 30-45 minutes is optimal.
During this time, avoid all bright light sources, including a mobile phone screen. If you need to use your cell phone, consider reducing the amount of blue light that the screen turns off (usually in the settings of the phone's screen) and reduce its brightness. There are also apps that can put your phone in "night mode", which turns the screen colors even more red. Once you've done this, check your phone for as long as the sky does not have such a big impact on your night vision.
Note: Although the graphs presented here show the location of the "radiant" meteor shower, a point in the sky where meteors appear to have occurred, meteors themselves can appear anywhere in the sky.
So, the best way to watch a meteor shower is to fold back or lie back so you can look straight up so you can see as much of the sky as possible at once. Place a blanket to spread on the ground, or a lawn chair to sit or even relax against your car.
Great is the pooling of family and friends as it is best to share experiences with others.
20-21 January – SUPER WOLF MOON TOTAL LUNAR ECLIPSE
Nearly one year after 2018, "Super Blue Moon's Total Moon Eclipse," we'll see another, although it will not be "blue."
On the night of 22-22 January, the Full Wolf Moon runs through the northern shadow of the Earth, creating Total Lunar Eclipse. The top graph shows the Moon's path through the Earth's layer and the umbral shadow, and it details the coverage of time in different time zones throughout Canada.
For an additional bonus, because the Moon will be very close to the perigee – its closest distance to the Earth – it will be "Super Blood Wolf Moon "total Lunar Eclipse.
I hope that this event will have a clear sky, because we will not have another Total Lunar Eclipse by May 2022, which is so good in North America (so everyone in Canada can see it).
FEBRUARY 21, ZODIACAL LIGHT
This winter and evening sky stars will see the huge interplanetary cloud of dust surrounding the Sun that manifests itself in our night sky in a phenomenon known as the "zodiac light".
The Canadian 2019 Observation Manual at the Royal Astronomical Society, Professor Dr. Roy Bishop, Professor of Physics, Acadia University, wrote:
The astrological light appears as a huge, lightly-shining pyramid with white light, the base of which lies on the horizon, and its axis is centered on the zodiac (or better, the ecliptic). In the brightest parts, it exceeds the luminance of the central Milky Way.
According to Dr. Bishop said, although this phenomenon can be quite bright, it can easily be spoiled by moonlight, smoke or light pollution. Moreover, since it is best to look at it only after dusk, inexperienced sometimes mix it at dusk and therefore miss.
On clear nights and under the dark sky, looking westward, half an hour after the sun has faded, from about February 21 to March 7.
20. MARC – EQUINOX
When our earth is moving in its orbit, the slope of the planet forces our Sun to change in our heavens.
From the end of September to the end of March, the North Pole is at an angle away from the Sun so that the Sun is directly above the southern hemisphere and the Sun reaches the lowest point in the northern part (and in the highest southern sky) or around December 22nd.
From the end of March to the end of September, on the contrary, the South Pole is at an angle to the Sun, so the Sun is directly above the northern hemisphere reaching the highest point in the northern part (and the smallest southern sky) on or around June 22nd.
At two points between these periods, especially around March 20 and September 22, it seems to us Sun is crossing the equator. In March it crosses from south to north, and in September it crosses north to south.
The exact moment when the sun seems to be above the equator, in each case known as Equinox.
In which hemisphere, at that moment, you are precisely determining what kind of equinox you are facing. March marks the Sunday equinox in the northern hemisphere, but marks the autumn equinox in the southern hemisphere. In September this is the opposite.
The next equinox, which marked the beginning of spring in the north and south autumn, is just around noon. 17:58. EDT, March 20th.
GIFTS AND GIFTS
Look at the clearest sky for most of the night, and at least sometime you will notice the Moon with one or more planets (Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn) overnight.
In some years of the year these objects appear to be very close (at least from our point of view of the Earth), which astronomers describe as "connection", while at other nights, some of these glittering objects can take place across the sky"harmonization"
Here are significant links and adjustments for the winter of 2019
Winter connections and harmonization in 2019 begin before sunrise. Credit: Stellarium / Scott Sutherland
• 22 and 23 January – Venus-Jupiter compounds
• January 31 – Venus-Moon-Jupiter Harmony
• Feb. 18 – Venus-Saturn, near Jupiter
• Feb. 27 – Jupiter-Moon Connect, next to Venus and Saturn
• February 28 – Harmonization of Venus-Saturn-Moon-Jupiter
What happens over the rest of the year? There is a lot going on, but the biggest events are the solar eclipse of July's southern hemisphere and the November Mercury transit to the Sun!
Sources: IMO | Royal Canadian Astronomical Society
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