A study conducted on Wednesday in the American Heart Association found that children born in 2025 and 2035 would probably be born with congenital heart defects because their pregnant women have higher temperatures caused by climate change. This is especially true for pregnant women spring or summer. Climate change could cause as many as 7000 additional cases of congenital heart defects in the US over 11 years., according to the study. The Midwest will probably see the highest percentage increase followed by the South and Northeast regions of America.
Previous studies were found that during the last century, climate change could "halt and reverse" the progress made in the area of human health, but research is limited. , affects about pregnancy, the authors said. A congenital heart defect is the most common form of congenital defects and can harm a child's overall health and possibly affect their body function or development.
"The possible increase in the number of pregnant women and the effect of maternal heat is a sign of worrying effects of climate change on reproductive health," the study said.
Researchers understood this by looking at the data from a National Birth Defect Prevention Study, a large multi-storey population study that explored key structural risk factors for congenital defects. They also looked at data from the US government.
Based on climate forecasts, all the United States will face higher temperatures. New York, Midwest countries such as Iowa and Southeastern countries such as Georgia and North Carolina are likely to see higher temperature increases. There will be greater temperature differences in southern countries, such as Texas and Arkansas, and in the west in countries like California during the summer months.
It is not clear what the link between high temperatures and innate heart problems is. Animal studies were found that heat can cause fetal cell death and can have a negative effect on proteins that play a crucial role in fetal development.
This current study is based on work that has been found earlier if the temperature stays high, it can harm the mother's chances for the baby. Extreme heat also causes moms to be born early. Mothers exposed to high heat are more likely to have a small or underweight child. Mothers who suffer from high temperatures at the beginning of pregnancy are at a much higher risk of having a child with congenital heart problems;
"Our results show the alarming impact of climate change on human health and underline the need to improve preparedness to address the expected increase in complexity, which often requires long-term care and monitoring," said Professor Dr. Shao Lin, Professor of Public Health School, University of Albania. "Although this study is preliminary, women in early pregnancy would be wise to avoid heat extremes similar to those given to people with cardiovascular disease and lung disease."